The article presents the results of experimental studies of the parameters of micro-sized metal particles and sprayed films obtained by the method of electric explosion of metallic conductors (EVP) and electro-explosive spraying (EVN), respectively. Copper (Cu) and aluminum (Al) metal wires were used as explosive conductors. Geometrical parameters and physicochemical analysis of the obtained microparticles and thin films were carried out by means of the universal two-beam electronic system Versa 3D. From the analysis of the obtained samples of sprayed thin films and fine particles, it follows that with a discharge current density J≈10 ^ 10 A / m ^ 2 millisecond, the film thickness and particle sizes can reach values less than micron scale.
Keywords: electrical explosion of conductors, thin metal films, fine particles
For implementation of the program of creation of additional places for children from two months to three years in the conditions of CBD the task on development of the minimum number of options of schemes of planning structures of blocks of nursery groups on the basis of which further development of standard projects for inclusion in the register of standard project documentation of Ministry of construction of Russia is planned is solved
Keywords: Keywords:blocks of nursery groups, planning decision, group cell, kindergarten
The structural properties of cobalt catalysts and their active component are studied. The influence of metal oxides on the specific surface area, pore volume and size, the average crystallite size and the active surface area of the catalyst Co-Al2O3/SiO2 was studied.
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, synthetic hydrocarbons, catalyst, cobalt, promoter, carrier, specific surface, porous structure, catalytic activity, degree of reduction, active surface area
The physical and chemical properties of cobalt catalysts promoted by manganese oxides for the synthesis of hydrocarbons by the Fischer-Tropsch method are studied. The influence of polymorphic modifications of the alumina carrier on the specific surface area, pore volume, degree of reduction, size of cobalt crystallites,catalytic activity, dispersion degree of catalyst reduction is considered.
Keywords: Synthesis of Fischer-Tropsch, synthetic hydrocarbons, the cobalt catalyst, promoter MnO2, the carrier of Al2O3, specific surface area, the degree of recovery of the catalytic activity, dispersion, and the crystallites of cobalt
The parameters of the porous structure and the outer surface of cobalt catalysts for the synthesis of Fischer-Tropsch, promoted by magnesium, prepared by the impregnation method according to moisture capacity, were studied. The effect of polymorphic modification (γ, θ, α) of the carrier on the physicochemical properties of the catalyst Co-Mg / Al2O3 was studied.
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, polymorphic modifications of Al2O3, synthetic motor fuel, catalyst, carrier, elemental analysis, BET method, specific surface, porous structure
In This study posed the problem of simulating the cooling system of supercomputers with a heat pump on the reverse Stirling cycle by numerical modeling of heat transfer processes in the object under study. The article presents the results of numerical simulation of heat transfer processes in the cooling system of processors of supercomputers with a heat pump on the reverse Stirling cycle. A numerical model of the heat transfer process was investigated. Using the method of numerical simulation of the heat transfer process, the dependences of the temperature delta, thermal resistance and the fraction of losses of the heat pump of the cooling system are obtained. The dependence of the ratio of the stroke of the piston to the diameter of the piston H / D of the heat pump has been revealed, taking into account the loss of the thermal resistance of the liquid cooling circuits and the elements of the design of the heat pump.
Keywords: processor, heat flow, thermal resistance, Laplace equation, heat pump, heat exchange, Stirling backflow, cooling system
In the Russian economy, in a situation aggravated by the sanctions pressure from the United States and several EU countries, there is an acute problem of growth on the threshold of the 4th industrial revolution, which seems to be a necessary prerequisite for technological modernization of the country. The work examines possible mechanisms for achieving modernization and innovation growth in the regions of the Russian Federation: special economic zones, advanced development areas, industrial and technological parks, industrial clusters, which are mechanisms for accumulating a set of benefits in implementing new investment attraction vectors. It justifies the need to develop a strategy for the sustainable socio-economic development of the region, taking into account the assessment of its potential, analysis of competitive advantages and resource constraints. The introduction of these mechanisms implies a focus on long-term development, horizontal diversification, through the leadership of high technologies, harmonization of tasks, instruments of industrial and socio-ecological and economic development of regions with a focus on a fairly high standard of living.
Keywords: economic transformation; technological structure; region; strategy; 4th Industrial Revolution; cyber-physical systems, territory of advanced development; zones of technical and economic development; investments
The physical and chemical properties of cobalt catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis have been studied. The effect of copper and iron oxides on the specific surface, pore volume and dimensions, and the degree of reduction of metallic cobalt on the surface of the Co-Al2O3 / SiO2 catalyst have been studied.
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, synthetic hydrocarbons, catalyst, cobalt, promoter, carrier, specific surface, porous structure, catalytic activity, reduction degree
The developed equipment is being created to increase the cost savings during the construction of the road infrastructure, to improve the quality of temporary winter roads, as well as to build them more quickly and conveniently. This technique replaces two cars in the construction of auto winter roads.
Keywords: auto-wintering, melting, combination, versatility, innovation, snow melting unit, economy, application, design, methods
Currently, in civil engineering, when building the exterior walls of buildings, plastered brickwork is most often used. The plaster gives the building a more aesthetic appearance, protects from weathering, moisture, precipitation. During the heating season, the plaster coating has the most destructive effect. Thus, the problem arises of the technology of plaster coating with a longer service life. The purpose of this research work was to study plaster on the external brick walls of heated civil buildings, as well as to find ways to improve the weather resistance of the facade plaster with the use of light stucco cement mortar and the use of advanced technology for its construction. To solve this problem, an analysis of the existing shortcomings of the facade plaster under atmospheric influences on it has been performed. Damage to the plaster layer arising during the process of atmospheric exposure is determined. In laboratory conditions, experimental studies were carried out to determine the optimum parameters of weatherproof plasters. The plaster coating of the external brick walls obtained by the above method has an increased strength, capable of resisting various atmospheric influences during the long-term operation of the heated building without degrading its functional properties.
Keywords: diversification of management, production diversification, financial and economic purposes of a diversification, technological purposes of ensuring flexibility of production
The developed version of the snow plow plow is created in order to improve the performance of a single unit of equipment when clearing snow on wide streets and to preserve unimpeded movement in a dense stream of cars, as well as the use of technology on narrow streets
Keywords: clearing, productivity, folding, trails, KAMAZ, transportation, costs, area, speed, snow
The physical and chemical properties of cobalt catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis prepared by the method of impregnating a silicate carrier have been studied. The influence of oxide promoters on the specific surface, volume and pore sizes, the degree of reduction of metallic cobalt on the surface of Co-Al2O3 / SiO2 catalyst has been studied.
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, synthetic hydrocarbons, catalyst, cobalt, promoter, carrier, specific surface, porous structure, catalytic activity, degree of reduction
The parameters of the porous structure and the outer surface of cobalt catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis prepared by the water-impregnation method were studied. The effect of the polymorphous modification of the support on the physico-chemical properties of the Co / Al2O3 catalyst was studied.
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, synthetic motor fuel, catalyst, carrier, promoter, polymorphic Al2O3 modifications, elemental analysis, specific surface, porous structure
The main problems of Russian transport infrastructure are considered. On the example of European experience the ways of solving these problems are proposed. The article also discusses in more detail the transport situation in the city of Rostov-on-don, what are the problems and how they can be solved in the near future.
Keywords: transport infrastructure, highways, Parking, concept, neighborhood, traffic flow, car, Parking, building, congestion, flow, disaster
Modern Russia is facing global challenges associated with the emergence and widespread use of new technologies, the transformation of traditional industries, the intensification of information flow, human resources and capital between individual sectors of the economy and countries. All this entails radical changes in the conditions of human life, development of the economy and society. Coupled with a variety of diverse objective circumstances - a complex geopolitical situation, a slowdown in economic growth, the transformation of consumer demand, structural imbalances in the economy, etc. - all this requires comprehension and formation of a long-term agenda in the sphere of science and technology, the corresponding complexity and complexity of the processes taking place.
Keywords: economy; socio-economic system; transformation; technologies; management; labor market; a new technological structure; robotics; innovation; human capital