There is an important task to improve timber complex. It is a search of efficient using wood. The research results of energy reserves capacity running on a regularized round timber production technological line for wood construction are given in the article. The research suggests that 40 – 45 percent wood resources using on regularized round timber production technological lines are waste. This capacity can use for manufacturing different energy products: firewood, chip fuel, fuel pellets, fuel briquette. The research made on the plant (limited liability company “Biogrant”) in Karelian Republic.
Keywords: Woodworking, cylindering, technological line, wood costraction, energy reserves, fuelwood, firewood, chip fuel, fuel pellets, briquette
A timber industry complex is a complex of technological processes linked with timber harvesting, wood transport and woodworking. For their optimization are used mathematical and economic methods. The brief overview of the application of mathematical modeling methods for the analysis and optimization of technological processes in the forestry sector is given in the article. Queuing theory is used for analysis of forestry process. For example harvesting technology with the round logs production for wooden construction is considered as G/G/1 queuing system. Well-developed models of queuing theory are recommended for analyzing of forestry process. Simulation models are recommended for deep analysis of forestry process.
Keywords: Forestry process, woodworking, cylindering, queuing theory, timber industry manufacture, wood construction
Production lines for manufacturing of cylindrical logs for wood construction are considered in the article. Technological factors influencing on efficiency of production lines are identified and classified. Results of research can be basis for improving production lines.
Keywords: Woodworking, cylindering, technological line, wood costraction, factors
The results of research of raw materials of the logs production for timber construction are considered in the article. Length of logs (for 6 meters assortment), diameter of logs (model logs) and shape of butt (an average shape factor of butt) were studied. The model log is a volume of cylinder which is equal to a calculated volume of logs. The theoretical laws of the random variable for these values are found. The Research was conducted at LLC "Biogran" in Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia.
Keywords: Woodworking, cylindering, technological line, wood costraction, factors, length of a log, diameter of a log, butt
A new assortments harvesting technology including trunk base swelling processing to improve truck load is described.
Keywords: logging technologies, trunk base swelling, logs cylindering, harvester, forwarder, efficient transportation