We described the technology of obtaining low pour point, winter and arctic diesel fuels from petroleum raw and found the way to realize it in Russian Federation. Was described the state of manufacture and quality requirements. We showed that synthetic motor fuels obtained from natural gases with GTL technology are perspective replacement for petroleum fuels. Using reference and patent data's, technology of the conversion Fischer - Tropsch products into synthetic diesel fuels with low Cloud point was reviewed. This technology applied on single-reactor process.
Keywords: diesel fuel, winter and arctic diesel, oil, natural gas, GtL technology, Fischer – Tropsch synthesis, products, conversion
The parameters of the porous structure and the active surface of cobalt catalysts for the synthesis of liquid and solid hydrocarbons (Fischer-Tropsch synthesis) prepared by the method of impregnating a silicate carrier were studied. The effect of additives of oxide promoters on the specific surface, the volume and size of pores, the dispersion and size of crystallites of metallic cobalt on the surface of the Co / SiO2 catalyst was studied.
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, motor fuel, synthetic hydrocarbons, catalyst, promoter, carrier, specific surface, porous structure, catalytic activity, selectivity