The purpose of the study was to find methods to reduce the construction time of special purpose structures. The analysis of the factors influencing the terms of construction of nuclear power plants is carried out. Using the example of calculating the parameters of the ventilation pipe installation of a really erected nuclear power plant, the advantages of replacing the traditionally used for the construction of these structures with the method of "falling arrows" are noted.
Keywords: falling boom, set of machines, installation of structures, scope of work, traction mechanisms, continuity of work, cost, construction period, commissioning period, work cycle
The article discusses the basic principles of information modeling of building systems that underlie BIM technology, and emphasizes the importance of their interaction, since the correctness and efficiency of the BIM process depends on this. The traditional and some basic curves characteristic of the life cycle of goods (products), which have found application in marketing theory, is given. It is noted that each stage of the life cycle of a construction object requires in-depth study and detailed study, since the analysis of scientific publications and the current regulatory document on information modeling revealed their contradiction to each other in some positions.
Keywords: information modeling, principles, life cycle curves, capital construction object, normative document.
The importance of ensuring reliable operation of steel vertical tanks is emphasized. Based on the analysis of a number of scientific publications and regulatory documents, the most characteristic defects are presented in tabular form by groups, the combination of which determines the choice of the method of overhaul or reconstruction of tanks. In accordance with the data given in the table, the most common methods of overhaul and reconstruction of steel vertical tanks are considered.It is noted the need to develop organizational and technological solutions based on information technology, using servers for monitoring through the GLONASS / GPS systems, which will allow, within the framework of monitoring, to detect defects and damage to structural elements in a timely manner during the operation stage and ensure their elimination in order to increase the residual life of vertical steel tanks .
Keywords: residual life, causes of defects, welds, cracks, work methods
The article proposes a special device to transport earth when building an underground part by the «top-down» and «top and down» technique. The developed device is fully electrically powered. The proposed technology enables to completely exclude nonproductive movements of excavating and transportation devices to relocate the earth from the working site to the dumping site onto trucks above ground. The device is adapted to work as part of the production line when realizing the “top-down” and «top and down» technology. To exclude load lifting mechanisms for lifting and dumping of the earth onto the trucks above ground, it is proposed to use two lifting rails with hoisting equipment fixed on a metal frame.
Keywords: “top and down” technology, earth works, excavation works, subsurface part of a building, earth movement, tier of a subsurface part of a building
The article describes the main environmental problems arising in the process of excavation. Based on the analysis of the problems, the ways of their Permissions.
Keywords: ecological safety, environmental protection, construction, earthworks, construction, technological processes, impact of dust, technological processes, influence of dust, constrained conditions
The paper highlights the importance of the contingency-focused development of organizational and technological solutions for strengthening reinforced concrete columns based on multiple criteria. The main criteria for optimal technology selection are identified, and the algorithm for the performance of works is presented. The complexity of selection unaided by computerprograms is brought to notice.
Keywords: strengthening of columns, multiple criteria, optimal technology selection, structuring, expert reviews, performance algorithms