The article presents the author's theoretical and methodological construct of the study of socio-political behavior of the social actor. The developed construct is based on the concept of habitus introduced into the scientific discourse by Pierre Bourdieu. The socio-political habitus in this article is understood as interiorized patterns of perception, interpretation, evaluation and action in the socio-political space, which are constantly being refined and completed under the influence of everyday social practices. Denoted epistemological problem of combining the contradictory nature of the conduct and integrity of the habitus. As a solution to the problem, such a property of habitus as hierarchy is considered. It is assumed that in the deep structures of habitus there are integral models of social dynamics, which are reproduced in socio-political relations by spontaneous coordination of social practices of many social actors. However, each social actor represents a single element of the complex model. Such social dynamic models in this article are denoted by the term "myth". On the basis of the presented theoretical model, the solution of applied problems in the management of socio-political behavior is proposed. At the same time, the authors proceed from the fact that mythological complexes in the structure of the habitus can not be eradicated or replaced, but can be overbuilt.
Keywords: political relations, model, myth, habitus, management, regulation mechanism, calibration
This article considered the structurally functional model of virtualization of the vital world constructed using the methodology of functional modeling. The aim of the work is to creature a model of the process of virtualization of the vital world of modern youth. The research is based on theoretical data and empirical indicators of the sociological research of graduate students of the Southern Federal University. The description and process of construct a model are determined by the phenomenon of human needs, self-identity. The results allow us to touch on the question of projecting a virtual life into a real one, which entails a change in everyday life.
Keywords: functional modeling, virtualization, needs, self-identity
Results of conceptualization of the concepts "vital world" and "virtualization" are presented in the article. The relevance of researches of virtualization of the vital worlds of the modern person is proved. Advantages of a method of structurally functional modeling to synthesis of ideas of virtualization process are considered.
Keywords: vital world, virtuality, virtualization, modeling
The article presents the results of a systems analysis of motivation. The "inputs" and "outputs" of the studied object and its internal structure are examined in this work. The system components of the motivation of state agencies employees distinguishing them from the staff of commercial organizations are discussed.
Keywords: job motivation, motive, requirement, incentive, motivation management, system, systems analysis.
The results of theoretical analysis of literary data about the media-centrism and the socio-centrism as approaches to consideration of opportunities of mass media as the instrument of public opinion management are presented in the first part of this article . The substantiality of the media centrists approach is explained. The insufficiently proved aspects of the socio-centrism are revealed. Conclusions of the theoretical analysis are given as argument of relevance of empirical research. Studying of efficiency of the Russian mass media as a factor of public opinion formation became the purpose of empirical research. Its results are considered in the second part of this publication. The collecting of the source data was carried out by the method of sociological poll. The respondents were interrogated about the rather preferred mass media, news telecasts, and also their representations about the more discussable events. The comparative analysis revealed the considerable similarity between positions of public opinion and character of the information patterns broadcast by the preferred TV channels.
Keywords: media-centrism, socio-centrism, public opinion management, linear model of mass communication, step model of mass communication, "leaders of opinions", selective perception
The author of this article suggests to consider modeling not only as a way of scientific knowledge, but also as the key live organisms function, that provide the interaction with environment and adaptation. As models various forms of irritability are represented. Development of forms of irritability in a phylogeny is analyzed. The thesis that development happened in the direction of formation of the multilevel organization of reaction models, to decrease a contribution of genetic determinants and increase a role of external factors and life experience in formation of behavior neuromodels, to extension of freedom, is based. The models of regulation of human behavior are represented as three-level. In process of transition from the lowest unconditional reflex level to the highest conscious level the role of the social environment as operating modeling factor is increasing. However the neurophysiological structures are remaining the material carrier of models at the individual level.
Keywords: model, modeling, system, levels of the organization, irritability, reflex, emotion, rational decision, phylogeny
The article considers the problems of economic instability as a result of the imbalance in the development of certain industries, interrelated phases of production, generating disruption of the reproduction process. The economic crisis that has gripped currently almost all countries of the world, is not the cause of the problems that plague the world community. The crisis revealed only the great disparities in the world economy, which led to the violation of the fundamental principle of the stable functioning of the world economy as a system - the principle of deepening international division of labor.
Keywords: economic cycle, production, exchange, distribution, consumption, economic phase, the reproductive process, imbalance, material production, social product. surplus product, the integration, crisis.
The article represents the theoretical analysis of scientific literature in the field of crossing of biological and sociological knowledge. Association of opportunities of both sciences in creation of complex conceptual model of biosocial regulation of human behavior was the purpose of this analysis. The existence of considerable similarity in ideas about the key factors of human behavior in doctrines of the sociologists who develop subjectivistic approach, and in the biological theory of functional systems is demonstrated in this article. The text contains the short review of scientific facts that confirm existence of interrelation between life experience of the individual, character of his social behavior and neurochemical regulative systems' status. The results of researches of animals and the person that have discovered the social effects of such neuromediators, as oxytocin, serotonin, dopamine are considered. The potentiality for using the high-organized animals for natural biological modeling of social objects is discussed.
Keywords: biosocial human nature, social behavior, life experience, biological model
The results of research of characteristics of behavior under stress, depending on the individual level of testosterone and sex composition of the group are presented in the article. Study was an experiment with natural biological model of a small social group. The laboratory mice were used as model animals. The living conditions in the modern city were modeled in experiment. The influence of external factors to the level of testosterone in the animals blood, both males, and females, are demonstrated. A correlation between the characteristics of the individuals behaviour in the group and the concentrations of testosterone was detected out. For the males the nature of this relation was not dependent on the number of stress factors: the dominant male-mouse has had the highest rate of male sex hormone in the blood. The females of the control group had the opposite trends: most active female-mouse had testosterone levels below the average. In stress the feedback watched for females became similar to trends specific for males. The same-sex groups had feature consisted in higher concentrations of testosterone in the blood of the test mice compared with animals that belong to bisexual group, as well as the more aggressive nature of relationships in group and the lack of a dominant individual. The parallels between the obtained results and data of the researches of social processes are considered.
Keywords: biosocial human nature, social behavior, life experience, biological model, testosterone, gender
The article is devoted to the economic crisis . The article reveals the causes of the crisis in diversity, reflecting the objective and subjective features. The nature of economic development aimed at making a profit is revealed. The consequences and causes of the crisis are closely related factors. One of the models out of the crisis is considered over-investment that leads to an abundance of goods that society can not consume. Rapid technological advances associated with the investment, do not necessarily lead to a crisis. Their effect may be in abnormal artificially inflated consumption. Another model is the development of the financial and credit system that contribute to the accelerated development of the economy. Globalization as a kind of model leads to the instability of the national economies. To date, commercial, financial and credit relations tied together the economies of most countries. Now states have become parties in the economic competition, credit and financial relations, which weakened their role stabilizing fiscal policy within their own countries. Also the psychological factors have important role in crisis, since the behavior of economic actors may be a "trigger".
Keywords: Economic crisis, production, profit, factor, management, investment, technical progress, consumption, banking system, economic activity.