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  • On some characteristics of the development suhodolnyh quarries of sand in the permafrost zone for oilfield

    АнглийскийПеревести вGoogleBingThis article is devoted to the development of suhodolnyh pits in the permafrost zone. For the development of fields in the Arctic requires a large amount of sand for engineering training close to roads, well pads, sites for the installation of complex gas treatment, high pressure pump stations, the Central points of separation and other site projects. Development suhodolnyh quarries of sand in the Arctic requires further activities for the preparation of the sand to a condition suitable for construction. Range transport of sand from the quarry to the designed object will be considered acceptable when the object is within 20 km of the planned quarry, the transportation distance is more than 20 km puts an end to the possibility of further implementation of the project and directly affects the net present value of the project. Improvement of technology of development of dry sand in quarries can positively influence the Economics of the projectThis article is devoted to the development of suhodolnyh pits in the permafrost zone. For the development of fields in the Arctic requires a large amount of sand for engineering training close to roads, well pads, sites for the installation of complex gas treatment, high pressure pump stations, the Central points of separation and other site projects. Development suhodolnyh quarries of sand in the Arctic requires further activities for the preparation of the sand to a condition suitable for construction. Range transport of sand from the quarry to the designed object will be considered acceptable when the object is within 20 km of the planned quarry, the transportation distance is more than 20 km puts an end to the possibility of further implementation of the project and directly affects the net present value of the project. Improvement of technology of development of dry sand in quarries can positively influence the Economics of the project

    Keywords: permafrost, perennial cryolithozone, quarries, sand, sand, career preparation to sand mining, development of oil and gas fields.production

  • On the choice of construction site of military-Patriotic centers in Russia

    the design of a new object presupposes not only the functional aspect, but an important factor is the location of the building or structure. The choice of location is one of the fundamental criteria: it is necessary to take into account the infrastructure and architectural appearance of the selected area, the needs of the district or region in the projected facility.

    Keywords: constructivism, the architectural appearance, the blue line, multi-center, prototype, monuments, cultural centers, the Great Patriotic war

  • Nanocomposite organic-hybrid materials

    In this article is reviewed the nature of organic hybrid nanocomposites. Promising directions in the field of organic hybrid nanocomposite materials will be methods for the synthesis of multicomponent materials, as well as the type of "net net" and "host-guest". The fundamental problem with the chemistry and physics of nanocomposites is dependent "structure-property". Solving this problem will move from research materials to their purposeful design.

    Keywords: nanocomposite sol-gel technology, synthesis, nanoparticles.

  • Ecological model of vegetation steppes of the Don basin

    The paper provides information on the results of ordination analysis of Don basin steppes

    Keywords: ordination, Don basin, steppes

  • Finite element analysis of the applicability of the applied theories of calculation of piezoelectric device of energy storage of stack configuration

    This paper considers basic element of device of energy storage which is a piezoelectric generator (PEG) of cylindrical form with the attached inertial mass. A finite element modeling of the device operation is carried out during active load in the external circuit. The main purpose of the operation is to compare the output potential and frequency characteristics of the device known in the literature models of systems with concentrated parameters. On the basis of these models, we can receive the analytical dependence of parameters of PEG with its geometric characteristics and mechanical properties of the used materials. However, the question of the range of applicability of these formulas is still open. In this paper, based on the numerical analysis of finite element models of PEG in package ANSYS, we obtained comparison with the analytical formulas that show the values of some parameters of simplified models and set the boundaries of their applicability.

    Keywords: energy storage, PEG, piezoceramics, effective mass, resonant frequency, FEM

  • Way of coding of the information at the task of the geometrical Models of executive mechanisms of robots

    The method of coding of the geometrical information is offered at the task of executive mechanisms on the basis of use of the set set of spatial primitive things and their orientation in mobile systems of co-ordinates. The method of a designation of geometrical models of mechanisms of robots is offered. One of advantages of the developed method of representation of geometrical models of kinematic chains, possibility of more exact task of a spatial configuration of manipulators by means of use of a considerable quantity of central points and various position of volume primitive things concerning a constructive plane is.

    Keywords: Mechanisms of manipulators, geometrical models, virtual modelling of movements of robots

  • Calculation of the economic effect of the use of RDF as an alternative fuel for the cement industry

    The article is described the environmental and economic feasibility of the use of fossil fuels on RDF. The opportunity of introduction of alternative fuels, as an essential part of maintaining a balance of market equilibrium in the competitiveness of the products of the company "Sebryakovcement". The calculation of potential possibilities of processing of waste RDF as a necessary component to maintain the balance of market equilibrium and competitiveness of enterprise "Sebryakovcement." Calculation of the potential waste in RDF

    Keywords: alternative fuels, municipal solid waste (MSW), RDF, cement industry, environmental safety.

  • Determination of the atomic structure of bimetallic Pt-Ag nanoparticles in metal-carbon catalysts by X-ray absorption spectroscopy data

    The atomic structure of bimetallic nanoparticles of Pt-Ag composition, which are the part of metal-carbon electro-catalysts PtAg/C, is studied by means of EXAFS spectroscopy using the suggested technique. These materials have been prepared by methods of consistent and simultaneous deposition of Ag and Pt atoms from aqueous ethylene glycol solutions of their salts with subsequent acid treatment. The values ​​of the structural parameters of the near environment of platinum atoms are determined. The nature of the distribution of components in nanoparticles is established. Cluster models of nanoparticles are constructed. The fraction of Pt atoms in the working shell and its dependance on preparation methods in each case are determined.

    Keywords: Metal-carbon electrocatalysts, bimetallic nanoparticles, Catalysis, Platinum, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, atomic structure

  • The methodological bases fuzzy cognitive modelling of hierarchical problem-directed systems

    This article is devoted to description of structure of methodology of modelling of hierarchical problem-directed systems on the example of social and economic systems. In the basis of methodology the principle of a combination of the formalized methods of modelling and expert procedures is put. Modelling of hierarchical system is offered to be spent by means of multilayered fuzzy cognitive maps. Filling of the block of logical-mathematical models in structure of process of decision-making is described in detail. The offered methodology provides the development and choice of well-founded administrative decisions.

    Keywords: Problem-directed system, decision making, fuzzy cognitive model, methodology

  • Rural fire insurance on Don (second half of XIX - early XX centuries)

    History rural fire insurance on the Don, analysis of insurance institutions Don Army (1870-1876), 
    regional rural council (1876-1882), the Regional Management Committee for Zemstvo Affairs (1882-1919). 
    The specificity of the insurance for the сossack population: collecting insurance payments stanichno and county boards, 
    the choice of the сossacks rated insurance, etc. 
    There was a preponderance of mutual insurance, analyzed the accumulation of insurance capital  

    Keywords: insurance, organization of insurance, business, Zemstvo insurance, mutual insurance, insured event, insurance valuation, insurance discounts

  • Microwave method for determining the position of the contact wire of electrified railways

    The paper describes the method for determining the position of the contact wire of electrified railways using microwaves. The method is based on the triangulation system of two georadars and allows to determine a contact wire zigzag and height from the rail head. The proposed method is all-weather with the possibility of continuous monitoring of the overhead contact wire in plan and profile with the opportunity to automate the processing and signaling abnormalities.

    Keywords: railroad contact line, contact wire location, GPR, automatic control systems

  • Nonferroelectric ceramic of La2-xSrxNiO4 with colossal permittivity

    By self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHTS) prepared fine powder оf La2-xSrxNiO4 composition , which is used to obtain dense ceramics exhibiting the properties of n-type semiconductor. Prolonged annealing of the samples resulted in a decrease of the conductivity on the order of 3-4, and the changing nature of the dielectric spectrum: dielectric constant ε' has a stable value of 4·104 Hz in the range of 0,4 − 1·105 Hz .

    Keywords: dielectric constant, phase separation, nikelate of strontium lanthanum, self-extending high-temperature synthesis

  • Modeling of three-level vertical marketing system

    An original mathematical model describing different activities of actors in the vertical marketing system is presented. They are a provider, a agent, a trading enterprise are presented as a controlling subjects. The model is based on the game-theoretical and hierarchical approach. An equilibrium of Germeyer G1 game in terms of sustainable development is established. The method of impulsion is used as a method of hierarchical control to solve this model. The main system operation laws based on numerical experiments are presented.

    Keywords: game theory, hierarchical, three-level control system, method of impulsion

  • Analysis of the causes of water pollution of Taganrog Bay with oil products

    The article discusses the possible causes of pollution of Taganrog Bay of the Azov Sea with oil products for the period 2008-2013. The key factors of pollution were highlighted. Effects of navigation for cotion was evaluated by navigation intensity. Effect of wastewater was evaluated by the number of oil products which fall from municipal drains and wastewater from industrial plants. The data processing of the federal statistical reporting on the influence of the main contamination factors was carried out.

    Keywords: oil products, water pollution, average annual concentrations

  • Model of dynamic management of a laser beam and a blood-groove on the basis of a biological feed-back

    The method of laser therapy is based on synchronization of phases of inflow (anacrotism) and outflow of blood (catacrotism) in the field of the pathological center with phases of a being narrowed and extending laser spot on a projection of this pathological center. It is supposed that being narrowed on a projection of the pathological center the spot of laser light stimulates blood inflow to the spot center, and the extending spot of a laser beam – activates blood outflow in the direction from the spot center to its periphery. The developed technique of the automated correction of hemodynamic frustration consists in pilot signal formation (in charge of the power and laser positioning) for the laser machine on the basis of a difference between a reference rheogram and a rheogram of the patient (a body site) in real time.The offered technique has to allow to use more efficiently methods of laser therapy at treatment of violations of a blood-groove. The technique is calculated on the basis of numerical experiment by means of methods of mathematical model operation.In the real experiment the question of synchronization of the reference and measured signal is considered solved though this task represents a subject of separate researches.The received pilot signal can be in real time transformed to the current signal operating positioning and laser power.The method gives the chance of an operating control of a condition of the patient and blood-groove diagnostics to, in time and after a session of laser therapy. Development provides possibility of adaptive individual correction and optimization of parameters of influence during a session and a course of treatment.

    Keywords: laser, therapy, technique, rheogram, diagnostics, blood-groove, management, signal