The complexity and high cost of multiplexing optical fiber sensors is still the main limitation for the widespread introduction of sensory systems, both distributed and quasi-distributed, and point-like. The article proposes a new multiplexing method that takes advantage of both broadband and two-frequency radio-photon multiplexing systems. The simplest broadband radiator is taken from the first, but a complicated and expensive system of spectrometry is not used to determine the central wavelength of fiber Bragg gratings. From the second, a recording system is used at the beat frequency between two components, but an expensive system for generating two- and polyharmonic probing systems is not used. The multiplexing parameter is determined by the frequency of separation between the transparency windows of a fiber Bragg grating, for example, with two phase π-shifts, which differs by a certain value for each of the sensors. The mechanism of modeling of gratings of the specified type is given, in principle the possibility of multiplexing of various number of sensors is shown. When using sensor networks built on the basis of passive optical, the number of multiplexed sensors can reach 256, with all sensors having the same Bragg wave of the wave, and can be combined into tree, bus and other topologies.
Keywords: fiber Bragg grating, phase inhomogeneity, fiber optic sensor, multiplexing, transparency window, frequency difference between transparency windows, beat frequency
Paper deals with the analysis and synthesis of geographically distributed systems for storage of hazardous substances from the environmental safety position. Particular attention is paid to the information layer to ensure environmental safety (ES) of these systems, which operates on the results of the processing of regulatory documents, environmental monitoring data, analytical reports, etc. Its operation is based on a system of specialized automated workplaces (AWP), each of which generates a plurality of projections and calculations in order to provide ES, using information on three levels of detail: the physical, technological and logical. The structures of mathematical, informationtion, software and hardware provision of AWP are discussed. It is shown that the proposed AWP structure can be used in the design of the various systems for storage of hazardous substances and is aimed to provide ES in their operation.
Keywords: geographically distributed storage systems, hazardous materials, environmental security, information maintenance, environmental specialists, workstation
From the standpoint of environmental safety paper deals with the analysis and synthesis of geographically distributed systems for storage of hazardous substances. The main attention is paid to the technical maintenance of ecological safety of these systems which is determined by the layer of tool control system (TCS) in ecological situation monitoring channels, storage of hazardous substances and protection parameters of perimeter storage. Operation of TCS relies on the use of fiber-optic sensors based on fiber Bragg gratings in each of said channels and their methods of polyharmonic probing. Defined principles of joint measurement of temperature and pressure as the main storage options, optical absorption measurements of gas concentrations using remote multicomponent fiber optic infrared analyzer for monitoring the environmental situation are discussed. The information about the construction of storage areas perimeter security systems sensors are given. It is shown that the proposed TCS structure can be used in the design of the various systems of hazardous substances storage and is aimed at addressing issues of environmental safety in their operation.
Keywords: geographically distributed storage systems, hazardous materials, environmental security, technical support, fiber Bragg grating, measurement of temperature and pressure, multi-fiber optical infrared gas analyzer