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  • Fiber-optical vibration sensor "VIB-A"

    The paper describes the implementation of a fiber-optic single-channel vibration sensor built on the basis of two fiber Bragg gratings, a broadband source, a photodetector and a sound card of a computer used as an ADC

    Keywords: vibration, fiber optic sensor, fiber Bragg grating, Fourier transform

  • Fiber Bragg gratings with two phase shifts as a sensing element and a multiplexing tool for sensor networks

    The complexity and high cost of multiplexing optical fiber sensors is still the main limitation for the widespread introduction of sensory systems, both distributed and quasi-distributed, and point-like. The article proposes a new multiplexing method that takes advantage of both broadband and two-frequency radio-photon multiplexing systems. The simplest broadband radiator is taken from the first, but a complicated and expensive system of spectrometry is not used to determine the central wavelength of fiber Bragg gratings. From the second, a recording system is used at the beat frequency between two components, but an expensive system for generating two- and polyharmonic probing systems is not used. The multiplexing parameter is determined by the frequency of separation between the transparency windows of a fiber Bragg grating, for example, with two phase π-shifts, which differs by a certain value for each of the sensors. The mechanism of modeling of gratings of the specified type is given, in principle the possibility of multiplexing of various number of sensors is shown. When using sensor networks built on the basis of passive optical, the number of multiplexed sensors can reach 256, with all sensors having the same Bragg wave of the wave, and can be combined into tree, bus and other topologies.

    Keywords: fiber Bragg grating, phase inhomogeneity, fiber optic sensor, multiplexing, transparency window, frequency difference between transparency windows, beat frequency

  • Research convective processes in a capacitive heat exchanger

    The article presents the results of an experimental research on the effect of the pulsating mode a capacitive heat exchanger with an active pipe part on the convective processes heated fluid. Described dignity capacitive heat exchangers. The research was conducted using a thermal imaging surveys. Compares two modes: stationary and pulsating. The method of experimental data processing, based on the analysis of fluid layers. A regression analysis allows to determine the dependence of the relative distribution of the temperature difference between the layers of fluid in the studied mode. The obtained regression equations were presented in the form of an exponential function and harmonic. The effect of pulsing regime on the process of convection in the upper quarter of the heating zone in a capacitive heat exchanger. The study showed the advantage of the capacitive heat exchanger with an active pipe part is often compared with the classical heat exchanger in part the speed of convective processes in the fluid to be heated.

    Keywords: capacitive heat exchanger with an active pipe part, pulse heating system, convective process