The basic methods of economic indexes forecasting on railway transport enterprises have been defined in the article. Three stages of forecasting were determined and described in details. The dominant elements of expenses, such as job salary, traction costs, insurance, repair capital and others were taken into account during research.
Keywords: railway enterprises, operational expenses, economic indexes, forecasting, quantitative assessment
The characteristic of developed operational expenses assessment system at railway enterprises has been presented. The analysis of legal entity economic state has been conducted. The results of the research have practical significance for the most important development fields on every management level of the railway industry. Institution analytical operational expenses assessment system is a combination of various economic processes which are fixed, transmitted, stored and used for implementing operational expenses management. The main information features have been revealed: to reflect operational expenses state through the system of different indexes, store quantitative estimation and present the results in discrete view.
Keywords: railway enterprises, legal entity, economic department, operational expenses, accounting, decision making, assessment results, estimation
For the economic analysis of railway enterprises assessment the special form has been worked out. The results of the economic estimation allow the economic subject supervisor to obtain analytical material for the managing decision making. One of the main trends of economic subject activity is economic state assessment on the basis of analysis with up-to-date management theory based on economic information technologies that allows to compare production transformation results on the temporal periods and related economic subjects. The peculiarity of this economic assessment method is that all indexes used in the analysis have the same direction vector, i. d. the higher index, the more favorable economic state of analysed economic subject.
Keywords: railway transport enterprises, economic subject, decision making, assessment results, estimation, data processing, multidimensional approach.
The article is dedicated to new approaches of railway enterprises management during the transformation period. The estimation of enterprise charges is described and the models of reducing drawbacks are offered. Any economic subject possesses its own technological complex, infrastructure referring to provision of the main goals. For in our case we have a railway transport as an economic subject, most attention is paid to its main activity comprising constant transportation process. The railway transport has the leading position in the united transport system, possessing the main share of income – about 75 % of freight transportation. The development of transport infrastructure as a whole is guided to provision of international economic integration and social stability. On a stage of free competition and Russian economy development the quality of provided services is a determining factor of transport enterprise successful operation.
Keywords: economic subject, operational charges, structural transformation, enterprise management, estimation, forecasting, improvement, input indexes, output indexes