Piezoceramics based on the lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) system is the basis of most transducers operating on the piezoelectric effect and are used in various electronic devices operating in the sections of electrical and hydroacoustics, ultrasonic technology, etc. In turn, piezoceramic materials created in the last century have substantially exhausted their potential for use in modern devices, and it is rather difficult to develop new compositions and is not economically efficient. In connection with the above, an urgent task is to find modern ways to increase the parameters of piezoceramic materials.
Keywords: piezoceramics, piezophase, piezomaterial, ceramic technology, microstructure
Piezoceramic frames made of PKP-12 material with porosity up to 50% are made. The effect of the total, open and closed porosity on the properties of porous piezoelements on a given piezoelectric material is studied. Hydrostatic tests of porous piezoelements have been performed to determine the pressure at which irreversible changes occur.
Keywords: piezoceramics, PKP-12, piezocomposites, porous piezoceramics, piezoelectric materials, ferroelectrics, PZT, hydroacoustics, hydrophone