Piezoceramics based on the lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) system is the basis of most transducers operating on the piezoelectric effect and are used in various electronic devices operating in the sections of electrical and hydroacoustics, ultrasonic technology, etc. In turn, piezoceramic materials created in the last century have substantially exhausted their potential for use in modern devices, and it is rather difficult to develop new compositions and is not economically efficient. In connection with the above, an urgent task is to find modern ways to increase the parameters of piezoceramic materials.
Keywords: piezoceramics, piezophase, piezomaterial, ceramic technology, microstructure
To produce controlled radio frequency and microwave devices such as phased antenna arrays, delay lines, an affordable and inexpensive way of manufacturing varactors in large quantities should be found. One of the promising ways to produce such varactors is based on the use of a BST-paste with a low firing temperature, which allows it to be integrated into a substrate of low-temperature co-fired ceramics (LTCC).
Keywords: semiconductor, ferroelectric, BST-paste, ferroelectric condenser, LTCC technology
The expert system for practical use by doctors in hospitals is designed The systems is solve the problem of classification opinions on the gestosis development and degree during pregnancy risk. Multi-factor knowledge base derived based on the results of studies analyzed in the work, and includes a set of genomic and post-genomic signs of pregnancy complications. The main users of the system (doctors, researchers and patients) and their requirements for software implementation of the developed expert system. Structure of expert decision support system in the evaluation of the risk of preeclampsia, comprising components (characterizing developed information systems belonging to the class of expert systems), the functions and subjects were created. The types, feature space feature descriptions and attributes the knowledge base of these patients. The generalized algorithm of the system and the possibility of its further development were given.
Keywords: Expert system, knowledge base, requirements analysis, Statistical classification, feature space, gestosis, preventive diagnostics, a personified medicine
The problem of manufacturing technology heterostructures pezofaza - metal considered in the article. Complexity consists in the fact that during the removal of the polymer in the system at low temperatures are formed porous layers, formed powders separated metal layers, having island macrostructure. One way to solve the problem - reducing the firing temperature heterostructures. Proposed to decrease the sintering temperature by using of functionally active glass-phases. Reducing the sintering temperature of products also allows to replace platinum electrodes inexpensive silver-based alloys. Obtained by solid state reaction method of piezoceramic material has a low sintering temperature (980 ° C) and high electrical parameters. Found that not only the proportion of the vitreous mass, but also their qualitative influence on the properties of piezomaterials
Keywords: heterostructure glass phase, the sintering temperature, porosity, ferroelectric phase
Piezoelectric ceramics on the basis of the phase of (1-x) PbTiO3-xPbZrO3 is the basis of most high-performance piezoelectric materials. Electrophysical and mechanical properties of these materials can vary widely in different ways. Traditional methods include changes in composition within the morphotropic region and doping. Now is the study of the influence of topical makrolegirovaniya the material properties of the PZT system. As a model system was selected phase of the PZT system, the compositions of which MO belong, one of which contains a dopant in the sublattice (A) and another - in the sublattice dopants (B). The studies established that one of the effective ways of varying the parameters piezomaterials may be the formation of solid solutions on the basis of two or more piezoelectric phases having different combinations of electrical parameters
Keywords: Piezoelectric ceramics, doping, kombinorovanie, pezofaza, piezo
Laboratory technology was developed to fabricate flexible piezocomposites with ferroelectric phase - polymers having signal reception factorv • gv 5000 • 10-15 m2 / N. The values of the given coefficient were achieved by switching from a probabilistic (spontaneous) percolation to a correlated one in the process of forming material. This made the production of 0-1–3 piezocomposites, in which a part of piezophase has 0 connectivity, and the other part – 1 connectivity possible. To improve the efficiency of piezocomposite polarization before their manufacturing the surface of piezophase particles, which were obtained by the partial destruction of the porous frameworks, was treated with coupling agent, which did not only improve the polymer adhesion to piezophase, but also allowed the removal of water from the particle surface. The latter effect reduced the value of interfacial conductivity, i.e. prevented the voltage drop of the polarizing field. Matching of polymer conductivity and piezoceramic particles by determining the optimal polarization temperature was carried out as well.
Keywords: piezocomposites, percolation, connectivity, electrophysical properties
It was investigated the influence several additives and process parameters on the properties of piezoelectric ceramics based on PZT phase systems. It was shown that the use of the substitution of Pb2+ ions on the Bi3+, and Ti4+ ions, and Zr4+ to Fe3+ and Mn4+, as well as the method of "chemical assembly «allows to obtain increase the Curie temperature of ceramic samples of 50 - 170°C. The theoretical aspects of this area of research have been discussed in this article.
Keywords: ferroelectric phase, Curie temperature, ceramics, precursors, perovskite, a solid-state method, a method of «chemical assemblage