This work analyzes the methods of dismantling and demolition of reinforced concrete structures, namely: manual, mechanical and semi-mechanical method, drilling and blasting method, thermal method. The main advantages and disadvantages of these methods, the possibility and economic feasibility of their use in the interests of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation are also considered. On the basis of the analysis carried out, taking into account the limitations of the use of the methods, a promising electro-hydraulic pulse method for dismantling reinforced concrete structures was proposed and the necessary conditions for its implementation in industrial mastabs in the interests of the Ministry of Defense were indicated.
Keywords: reinforced concrete, reinforced concrete structures, dismantling, demolition, work safety, efficiency, military infrastructure
The work is devoted to the analysis of existing and applied in practice methods of strengthening building structures, an assessment is given of the choice of the optimal method for strengthening building structures, the main advantages and disadvantages of these methods, the possibility and economic feasibility of their use in the interests of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation are considered.
Keywords: building structures, reinforcement, bearing capacity, technical inspection, efficiency, military infrastructure
The types of Autonomous stationary energy-cooling systems designed for complete isolation of special objects operating without connection with the atmosphere are Considered. A technical solution is proposed that allows increasing the efficiency of the energy-cooling system, reducing the consumption of process water due to its partial recirculation for cooling the engine of an Autonomous power plant, as well as increasing the period of complete isolation of the object.
Keywords: energy-cooling system, underground facility, military infrastructure, complete isolation mode
This article discusses the possibility of managing environmental and economic risks of investment projects. Environmental efficiency is an important indicator in assessing the effectiveness of an investment project. It is revealed that when assessing the environmental efficiency of an investment project, it is necessary to use the established standards and agreements, normative legal acts in the field of environmental law. However, the legislation in the Russian Federation in the field of environmental risk assessment requires accurate calculations that will facilitate the task of the investor in the field of adoption of an effective investment project. It is analyzed that the final decision on the implementation of the project depends on the quality of the assessment.
Keywords: Efficiency, investment, risk, uncertainty, investment project, ecology, factor, criterion, implementation
The authors of the article developed an autonomous energy supply system for remote military facilities and settlements using liquefied natural gas. A characteristic feature of the developed system is a simplified constructive design of cryogenic equipment for liquefied natural gas, increased reliability and service efficiency of an autonomous energy supply system, as well as the possibility of independent operation of a gas engine and a boiler station from each other.
Keywords: Boiler room, liquefied natural gas, military infrastructure facility, autonomous energy supply
The article discusses the methodology for deploying dual-purpose military infrastructure facilities, including a model for optimizing the placement of the service network in garrisons, where it has already developed, and the question is its reconstruction and expansion. The calculations are made on the example of service in military camps. To optimize the placement of the service network, a criterion is adopted to minimize the service time.
Keywords: garrison service, service network, service center, hierarchy, gravity model of gravity, the theory of central places, commodity circulation, a military town
The article analyzes the space-planning decisions of dual-use facilities from which we can see their tactical purpose in emergency situations to increase the defense capability of the city and increase the security of living in it. The developed method of expert evaluation of the placement of multifunctional dual-use complexes, which depends on many parameters, is described. Given the above criteria, a system has been developed for a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of the deployment of multifunctional dual-use complexes.
Keywords: multifunctional complex, deployment, dual use, Armed forces, defense, construction
" During a long interruption of construction and installation works, as well as under the influence of the external environment on the unfinished construction of building structures, they are subject to a change in their properties and strength characteristics. To solve all problems, it is necessary to conduct a forensic examination in order to identify defects and assess the state of building structures and make decisions on the possibility and feasibility of completing construction work"
Keywords: construction in progress, expertise, defect, building construction, laboratory tests, design documentation, expert
The article presents theoretical studies of the effect of various plasticizers on the mechanical properties of epoxy compositions. Based on this, the method of plasticization of the epoxy polymer ED-22 was chosen using the introduction of modified epoxy resin UP-563, which differs from the previously used modified compositions for repairing automotive vehicles in the field the simplicity of the availability of modifications in the field and as providing the widest range of changes in the properties of the epoxy composition for USAGE field. The scientific novelty lies in the justification for the creation of a new repair composition consisting of ED-22 epoxy-diane resin modified by UP-563 laproxil for the repair of hull and capacitive parts of automotive equipment in the field, which has increased vibration resistance. frost resistance and impact resistance.
Keywords: epoxy composition, epoxy resin, restoration, automotive engineering, body part, chemical modification, oligomer, polymer
The article deals with the development of a mathematical model for reducing the cost of building heat storage tanks by using the refrigerating capacity of liquefied natural gas (LNG)
Keywords: liquefied natural gas, LNG, special fortifications, SPS, full isolation mode, heat storage substance, TAB
The article confirms the importance of garrison services in ensuring combat capability and combat readiness. It was stated that the service industry of any military town should become a heuristic model of building service networks for all other populated areas and their social groups.
Keywords: Garrison services, combat readiness, combat capability, Armed forces, architectural and planning organization, defense infrastructure
It describes the importance of urban development in national security, which is caused by the development of the defense infrastructure districts.
Keywords: city garrison, armed forces, defense, defense infrastructure
The article raises the problem of small combat complex, which includes a system of "official living environment - military collective - military equipment." It reveals the inconsistency of the concept of the ideal warrior without harmony in the functioning and formation systems.
Keywords: City Armed Forces, architecture, facilities, living environment, military, military equipment
The paper proposes to perform quality control of the production work on the consolidation of soil foundation with the use of the method. Application of geo-radiolocation sensing allows to specify and complement the results of engineering and geological surveys, as well as capture the changes taking place in the grounds of foundations after work on fixing them. This will provide a comprehensive picture of the grouting in the underlying foundation of the building and provide a reliable and simple quality control work.
Keywords: Geophysical methods,monitoring of the geological environment, landslide hazard.
The article analyzes the structure of automated environmental monitoring in Russia and proposed the concept of setting up such a system in the city with advanced industrial and transport infrastructure.
Keywords: Automated systems for environmental monitoring