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  • System analysis of reliability and prospects for its enhancement for consumer power supply systems

    The analysis of reliability of systems of an electricity transmission during which the main causes of the power outage in the consumer were identified. With the help of computer simulation, the results of operation of autonomous inverters are obtained with different number of voltage levels. The prospects of using the devices for balancing the incomplete-phase regimes on the basis of multilevel voltage inverters, which improve the reliability of power supply to consumers, are considered.

    Keywords: analysis, stream of the failure, electricity, the balancing device, emergency operation, recovery time, failure, reliability, multilevel inverter, power line, user

  • Mathematical model of the working process of a steam power plant for obtaining heat and electric energy.

    The article discusses the development of a mathematical model in the deterministic form of recording the main dependences that determine the process of vaporization in a steam power plant to produce heat and electricity when used as a source of biofuel energy. Theoretically, the parameters of the working process of the installation were calculated; thermal efficiency of the turbine; heat useful used in the boiler unit; the efficiency of the boiler; the percentage of heat loss with exhaust gases; the estimated hourly consumption of solid biofuel; the annual amount of heat obtained by burning the mass of crop residues; the theoretical combustion temperature of crop residues; the actual steam velocity in the Laval nozzle; the heat loss in the nozzle, etc.in the course of calculations with the help of a multi-factor experiment, the parameters and the shape of the turbine blade used in the installation were obtained. Using the presented mathematical model given in the article and the data of the Federal state statistics service, we obtain the numerical values of the working process of the installation working on biofuel. For convenience, all the summary theoretical data of the numerical values of the basic theoretical dependences of the mathematical model of the working process of the layout of the steam power plant for heat and electricity was included in the table. Thus, theoretical studies show the possibility of producing electricity of the required quality using straw to produce high-pressure steam.

    Keywords: mathematical model the working process of the pressure volume, a steam turbine,producing heat and electric energy, biofuels

  • To the question of power supply of removed agricultural consumers

    The analysis of the state of transmission electrik lines, on the example, one of the districts of the Rostov region. The prospects of the use of symmetrization devices unbalance, what allows to increase the reliability of power supply to agricultural consumers.

    Keywords: stream of the failure, electricity, the balancing device, emergency operation, recovery time, failure, reliability, multilevel inverter, analysis, power line, user.