The article considers the modeling of wind impact on the objects of parametric architecture. To determine the optimal shape of the surface, the evolution of the analytical surface shaping, formed by congruent curves in parallel planes, obtained by the rotation of the reulault triangle with a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation, is studied. Based on the results of a numerical experiment using the finite element method, the rational analytical surface of the object of parametric architecture, resistant to wind, is determined. The dynamic characteristics of the object of parametric architecture are obtained. Recommendations are given to clarify the methods of determining the wind load for buildings and structures of complex geometric shape.
Keywords: parametric architecture; wind load; modal analysis; pulsation component; building frame; finite element method
The article deals with the integration of a three-dimensional model of a parametric architecture object created by Autodesk Revit and its finite element model. The features of IFC formatting expand the possibilities of presenting design data for solving problems of integration information and computational models. The advantages and disadvantages of this approach to the modeling of unique high-rise buildings, the architectural solution of which is a complex geometric surface, are illustrated. The resulting finite element models allowed us to perform a static calculation and analyze the characteristic movements of the frame elements of a unique building. The practical significance of the presented research results lies in the possibility of using a parametric architecture for designing objects using BIM with subsequent analysis of the stress-strain state of the frame of a building or structure.
Keywords: information modeling, parametric architecture, finite element method, architectural model, calculation model, integration, IFC formatting
The principles of parametric modeling and design based on the example of a buildings is studied, the architectural image of whiches are a set of spiral circular surface with circles of variable radius defined by coordinates through functions of the corresponding surfaces in the SAPPHIRE software. Alternative methods for specifying surfaces in the SAPPHIRE PC with subsequent export to the LIRA PC for engineering calculations of the frame of the building for various combinations of loads by the finite element method are presented. The object of the study is a 130-meter-high building with a hardness core in the form of a cylindrical shell of revolution. One of the most universal ways to create a surface is to specify it through a formula, because you can easily change the shape and appearance of the surface without manually editing the geometry of the model in the drawing. The development of the parametric architecture calls for the creation of new approaches to the calculation of unique buildings and structures, the improvement of software complexes that implement the finite element method, and the appearance of new varieties of finite elements with curvilinear boundaries.
Keywords: parametric architecture, surface, shape of the object, shell, curve, model, geometry, program, formula surface, helical surface
The paper provides summary the problems of estimating high-rise buildings to a progressive collapse. The analysis of the structure of the technique for calculating the skeleton of the building for a progressive collapse is performed. Recommendations are given on the properties of reinforced concrete carcass elements for emergency actions. An imitation simulation of the emergency response using the finite element method in calculating the building frame for progressive collapse was proposed; Modeling and investigation of the stress-strain state of individual elements of the building's frame for the effect of explosive loading; modeling and investigation of resistance to the progressive collapse of the skeleton of a high-rise building; development of constructive solutions to achieve resistance to progressive collapse.
Keywords: progressive collapse, special action, finite element method, building frame modeling, stress-strain state
The simulation of the pulsating component of the wind load on the reinforced concrete skeleton of the building by the finite element method is considered in the article. The calculation of the pulsation component of the wind load was carried out according to the procedure specified in SP20.13330.2011 "Loads and Impacts" and calculation of the pulsating component of the wind load in accordance with the recommendations of CNIISK them. Kucherenko. Based on the results of the calculations, the analysis of the results obtained and conclusions are made.
Keywords: finite element method, design scheme, vibration modes, pulsating component of wind load, building frame
Разработан вариант рационального проектного решения торгового комплекса «Золотой» в г. Ростове-на-Дону путем замены конструкции покрытия для увеличения шага колонн 2 этажа. Исследование напряженно-деформированного состояние элементов каркаса здания методом конечных элементов. Для оптимизации проектных решений здания торгового комплекса выполнен сравнительный расчет конструктивных схем структурных покрытий типов «Кисловодск» и «БрГТУ». Даны рекомендации по конструктивным решениям покрытия каркаса здания.
Keywords: finite element method, finite element, structural coverage, the design load combination, section, design scheme
The subject of this article is the regulation of stress - strain state in the elements of a structural coating of a unique building of technical Museum. The architectural solution of the object is made in the shape of an airplane, which the fuselage is formed by a vaulted covering with a span of 30 m, and the wings are 38 m consoles. The system of main console trusses and links between them forms the construction of a wing. Several versions of the geometric diagrams of the basic console trusses are proposed. The optimum version of the geometric diagram of construction is selected according to the results of the static calculation. The analysis of the stress-strained state of structural coating with the different variants of the connections between the basic trusses is executed according to the results of calculations for the dynamic loads.
Keywords: the regulation of stress - strain state, geometric diagram, console, structural coating, finite element method, static calculation, dynamic loads
The article presents the dynamic calculation of hemispherical shells cover the carcass of the building "Winter Garden" Technopark RSSU. Finite element model of the object and the calculation is made in the software package Lira-cad. Flexural-torsional oscillations was produced on the basis of modal analysis. The construction scheme is changed by increasing the hardness of the coating. The scheme receive a new kind of a framework element. Using the findings of the calculations the conclusions were drawn and given recommendations about changing the constructive scheme of the unique building.
Keywords: hemispherical shell , frame , dome, modal analysis , dynamic analysis , the spectrum of frequencies , mode shapes , finite element method
The research problem of this article is the unequal settling of a sports and recreation complex – the part of the Rostov State Building University's technopark –in a process of fiberwise soaking of subsoil. It describes the simulation of emergency soaking of foundation soil using ANSYS software. The paper presents an analysis of calculation results at different stages.
Keywords: unique building, unequal settling, subsidingsoil, emergency soaking, Finite element method.
The article presents the dynamic calculation of a unique building’s structure with spatial slab-bar scheme in the action of wind loads with the static and dynamic components of the wind load, using the finite element method. Simulation of the wind effect was produced on the basis of modal analysis. There were determined horizontal and vertical relocations of the node points. Using the findings of the calculations the conclusions were drawn and given recommendations about changing the constructive scheme of the unique building.
Keywords: unique building; wind load; modal analysis; pulsation component; a building’s structure; finite element method
A certainly-element model is worked out soil-fundamental flag-overhead structure. The tensely-deformed state of fundamental flag is investigational taking into account the models of Winkler and Pasternak. On results a calculation charts are got diagrams sinking of fundamental flag.
Keywords: certainly-element model, Winkler elastic foundation, Pasternak elastic foundation,, coefficient of subgrade resistance, sinking of fundamental flag, stress-strain state
The article examines the calculation of a building frame on the spatial plate-core scheme, taking into account the impact of emergency in the time domain by using the Finite Element Method (FEM). The calculation was performed considering the failure of the loaded columns of the building. The article includes the value added tax analyse and the conclusion about the protection of buildings against progressive destruction of.
Keywords: The calculation of reinforced concrete frame buildings, the impact of emergency in the time domain, Finite Element Method (FEM), the failure of the loaded columns ,the value added tax analyse, the protection of buildings against progressive destruction
The article examines the calculation of spherical shell coating on the overall stability under load. The calculated values of deformations in the vertical and horizontal plane. After the calculation of the conclusions and recommendations are given to conduct the necessary engineering activities to ensure the sustainability of the building.
Keywords: spherical shell; overall stability; arch farm; calculation of the building frame; finite element method
In article influence of various models of the soil base at calculation of the frame building of the hostel of RSUCE on functionality and operational characteristics of designs is considered. The final-element (FE) model of object is made and calculation in a program complex is executed. By results of calculation the analysis of the intense-deformed condition of the building and the basis is made. For research of influence of various models of the soil basis on the intense-deformed condition of the building models of the Pasternak and Vinkler and model taking into account a pliability of support are considered. The analysis found that the use of models taking into account the pliability of supports are more practical. This model allows the most accurate to see the interaction of building structures with elastic soil base and can be used in the real design.
Keywords: the core stiffness, the diaphragm stiffness, the structural design, the finite-element model, the stress-strain state, the base model, support yield, the coefficient of the bed, the intensity of reinforcing, orthotropy