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Abstracts

Аннотация

Стр. 149-151

Levkov K., Figovsky O. About the preparation of  innovative engineers.
In article key problems of educational system of the higher vocational training in sphere of preparation of engineering structure of new quality, namely, so-called «innovative engineers» are considered. The author results, as necessity of consideration of this question modern advancement of a society towards VI technological way which will cause sharp requirement for experts of such mentality.
In this connection, there is need to revise the existing system of assessment of qualification level and creative potential of engineers. From all variety of requirements to engineers in general and to innovative engineers in particular, the cores it is necessary to consider the developed mechanism of acceptance of technical decisions on inventive level and ability to find the necessary information and self-training. Creative abilities which the modern system of an engineering education should develop and bring up are necessary for the decision of similar problems. Essential changes in its methodological basis for this purpose are required. Introduction in an education system of a method of the two-dimensional training which major principle is the associative binding of a studied material and carried out tasks to other subject domains,Systems Engineering and TRIZ (Theory of inventive problem solving) for managing creative thinking, would resolve a substantial part of this problem.
Key Words: the innovative engineer, professional model of the engineer, innovation in educational process, requirements to qualification of the engineer, systems thinking, qualifying levels, innovative style of thinking, the theory of inventive problems solving, two-dimensional model of studying.

Figovsky O. Macro And Nano-Projects: Wished And The Reality.
he article provides the constructive-critical analysis of two largest Russian projects proceeding from foreign experience of management by innovative development. The project of researches and workings out centre creation in Skolkovo and the project of foreign scientists attraction, being leaders in the areas of a science and technology for a management of research collectives works at the universities of Russia have been considered.
Some problem questions and recommendations about projects realization strategy where resulted.
On the example of the last breakthrough workings out and researches in a world science the necessity of such large-scale type innovative projects is proved
Key words: innovative development, Skolkovo, innovations requirements formation, expert-management core, new grant program, advisory council, polytechnical museum, breakthrough developments, nanotechnology, new sewage water treatment technology, high-temperature superconductivity.

Zvereva T. V. New in tax legislation on tax on incoms of the physical persons in 2010
In article reflected main changes to legislation, taking effect since 01.01.2010 for calculuses of the tax on incomes of the physical persons and presentations tax deduction.
Keywords: the tax on incomes’ of the physical persons, tax deduction, declaration on the form 3-NDFL.

Rozin M.D. The modeling approach to the analysis and forecasting of processes of social interactions in the Russia South.
The interdisciplinary modeling of the most complicated crisis phenomena of a public life of the Russia South taking into account the specific socially-psychological characteristics is offered. It allows carrying out the analysis of the basic spheres and "knots" of concentration of a conflictness, possible ways and mechanisms of neutralization of the basic disputed factors for the purpose of reduction of level of social pressure, maintenance of steady social development of the most problem regions and territorial communities.
Keywords: the modeling approach, modeling, processes of social interaction, a sociopolitical conflictness, the South of Russia.

Borodaeva E.A. Methodological bases of maintenance of competitiveness of manufacture of seasonal application technics.
The market approach to an estimation of competitiveness of production of seasonal application is investigated the in article, the account of operational factors is considered at designing of technics of seasonal application, the economic analysis of efficiency of technics of seasonal application is carried out.
Keywords: competitiveness; potential; technics of seasonal application.

Kudinova T.A. Problems of the ratio of the literary language and sub-entities in modern Russistics
In the article it is demonstrated the impact of substandard on the literary language. The significance of the study sub-elements for codification of perspective, and the need of lighting language substandard in terms of sociolinguistic, cultural and linguopragmatic is considered.
Keywords: standard, substandard, professionalism, argotizmy, slengizmy, sociolect.

Kudinova T.A. Language substandard in paradigms of sociolinguistics and linguistics.
In article the essential language of communication within the relationship of mass culture and subculture is explored. It emphasizes the need of contextual analysis linguopragmatic substandard units, because their use has become an objective standard language of representatives of public culture.
Keywords: subculture, mass culture, substandard, jargon, popular language.

Ivashchenko S. N. Energy structure and application of supergrid
In the article  is substantiated urgency of researching  of energy structure of semiconductor supergrid, points out the probable fields of its application
Key words: energy structure, supergrid, heterojunction.

Litvinov S.V., Nosko V. I. Information and institutional environment "Insourcing center - the user community of a unique scientific equipment" as a tool for interaction between scientists and researchers of the Southern Federal District and abroad.
Southern Federal University in close collaboration with the Rostov branch of the Russian Academy of Engineering, the Association of «High Technologies» and the Association of the «Northern Caucasus» has been formed a system of targeted interaction of researchers, engineers, technologists and other professionals, which allows to make available a unique scientific equipment for a wide range of users and thus reduce the problem of shortage of high-tech research and production resources – Insourcing center. The problem is to build sustainable external relations with potential customers unique scientific equipment and improve its commercial use, resolving is based on a modified social networking model – professional social networks with modern  communication technologies including blogging, forums, groups, use case interactions, specific workflows. Foresight methodology and Delphi method in particular is presented as a next future level in development of the social networking concept, a systematic attempt to predict the long-term prospects of science, technology, economy and society to determine the strategic direction of research and new technologies that can bring the greatest social and economic benefits.
Key words: professional social network, insourcing center, social networking model, unique scientific equipment, foresight methodology, Delphi method.

Lyubegina E.V. Development and study of hybridbaromembrane technology for establishment of water in the receiving aramid yarns.
In the article  authors is organized benchmark analysis of classical ion exchange technology and  baroelectromembrane technology. Baroelectromembrane apparatus has advantages of using in the technology in the production of toughened paraaramid yarns
Keywords: hybrid  baroelectromembrane technology, Demineralized water, membrane, mechanical clear, Dimethylacetamide, Isobutanol.

Komissarov S.V. The influence of the length of the extension to break the threads on the physical - mechanical characteristics of aramid fibers.
In work influence of duration of process of a stretching of a thread on physical - mechanical characteristics of aramide threads is considered. In an investigated range physical - mechanical characteristics of aramide threads do not depend on speed of deformation.
Key words: aramide yarns, testing, rupture, deformation.

Rood D.E. Traffic flows topology optimization technologies in telecommunications networks.
In this article we analyze routing algorithms, which provide telecommunications network optimization in accord with integral performance criterion. Special attention is paid to multiway routing and its computational complexity. Besides traditional algorithms we try to estimate linear-programming methods usage for the routing.
Key words: telecommunications network, adaptive routing, graph theory, dynamic programming, linear programming.

Voropay M. N.,  Ivanov S.V. Synthesis of structure and realisation of a broadband receiver in a range of working frequencies 0,02… 18,00 GHz.
The structure of construction of a universal a receiver with double frequency conversion to a range of working frequencies 0,02… 18,00 GHz, on intermediate frequencies of 0,07 and 1,5 GHz with pass-bands of 0,03 and 0,5 GHz, realised on standard constructive platform Compact PCI is synthesised. Values of the basic technical characteristics in comparison with foreign analogues are resulted.
Keywords: a receiver, double frequency conversion, Compact PCI, a linear part, noise figure, a dynamic range, a synthesizer of frequencies, the phase detector, the voltage-controlled oscillator.

Pustovalov A.I. Two-channel microwave range receiver.
This article presents the results of development two-channel high-speed receiver for measuring the amplitude of pulsed RF signals centimeter range of wavelengths.
Keywords: RF, receiver, high-speed, measurement, signals.

Shubin M.S. About alternatives of fairway "Eurasia" construction.
The Rostov region is "collars" of Russia in the countries of the Black Sea and Near-Caspian pools. It possesses the powerful infrastructure presented by railway and automobile highways of federal value, sea and river ports in the cities of Rostovs, Azov, Taganrog, the international airport in the city of Rostov-on-Don. Through the Rostov region there pass 9/10 passenger transportations and 4/5 cargo transportation of the Caucasian region
Key words: Rostov region, transit, water resourses, transport corridors, fairway, freight turnover, economic and environmental risks

Manturova E.A. The use of nanomaterials and nanofunctional additives in emerging leading-edge technology of lubrication of the contact of the wheel flange with the side edge of rail head.
The article is devoted to the solution of the problems of increasing the exploitation resource, reduce of friction and wear rate of set of wheels and rails. The application of the worked out in RTSU lubricant with the use of nanomaterials and nanofunctional additivs allows to achieve the desire effect.
Keywords: friction, wear, resource, set of wheels, wheel flange, side edge of rail head, lubrication, lubricant, nanomaterial, nanofunctional additive, nanoparticle.