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Address fiber Bragg structures based on two identical upper-band gratings


Address fiber Bragg structures based on two identical upper-band gratings

Sakhabutdinov A.Z.

Incoming article date: 23.08.2018

The multi-advantageous fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) have attracted considerable interest from developers of various optical systems, including communication systems with spectral and code multiplexing, as well as fiber-optic and radio-photon sensor systems. The complexity and high cost of multiplexing and interrogation of complex fiber-optic sensors (CFOS) is still the main limitation for the widespread introduction of sensory systems, both distributed and quasi-distributed, and point-type.This article proposes a new multiplexing method that takes advantage of both broadband fiber-optic and dual-frequency or polyharmonic radio-photon sensor systems. The simplest broadband radiator is taken from the first, but a complex and expensive system of spectrometry is not used to determine the central wavelength of the FBG. From the second, a recording system is used at the beat frequency between two components, but an expensive system for generating two- or polyharmonic sounding systems is not used. The multiplexing parameter is determined by the frequency of separation between two identical over-narrow-band FBGs, which differs by a certain amount from each of the CFOS and, in fact, generates its address. At the same time, FBG-based structures remain a sensitive element of the systems. Thus, a new class of sensitive elements is formed - address fiber Bragg structures (AFBS).

Keywords: radio-photon sensor system, address fiber Bragg structure, integrated fiber-optic sensor, interrogation, multiplexing, two identical over-narrow-band fiber Bragg gratings, frequency spacing, address