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  • Investigation of the effect of resistive components of the measuring circuit in the accuracy of measurement of the ion current in the combustion chamber of internal combustion engines

    For basic research flame ionization process is necessary to obtain the true value of the ion current on the probe, taking into account the errors of the measuring circuits. To study the processes of ionization in the combustion cameo widespread ionic current sensors in the presence of the resistive component of the measurement circuit, such as current-limiting elements in the circuits connecting to the ignition coil high-voltage output or measuring shunt. This article describes how to account instrumental errors introduced by such measuring systems, as well as the proposed formula of the transition from the signal values ​​obtained experimentally to the true value of the ion current. The results of the calculation of the reduced value of the ion current to the experimentally obtained signal. The possibility of making instrumental error of up to 40% in amplitude at signal peaks. It is shown that the construction of I-V characteristics of the ionization probe must be considered instrumental error introduced by the resistive components of the measuring circuit.

    Keywords: ion current, the electrical conductivity of the flame, the measuring circuit, the instrumental error of measurement, resistive voltage divider, ICE

  • Structural design of information and measurement systems for biopotential research

      The mathematical features of construction information and measuring health systems (IMS). Because biological systems are complex, not always well-defined structure, for their correct description and implementation of metrological analysis requires its imposition. Accordingly, the presentation described bioinstrumentalnoe MIS. Within the theory of metrological synthesis formulated the concept of IMS core. With the use of the mathematical theory of categories and object-oriented modeling describes the basic relationships between the elements of the core IMS. The basic position with regards to the construction of MIS based on its structure. A scheme of the developed system of environmental monitoring of water environment on the basis of an integrated assessment of water quality. The main components of the system were presented. Feature of the developed system is the consideration of non-fixed sources of pollution, which was made possible thanks to the developed method of integral evaluation.

    Keywords: Measuring health system, object-oriented modeling, method of integral evaluation