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  • The principles of formation of parametric architecture objects

    The principles of parametric modeling and design based on the example of a buildings is studied, the architectural image of whiches are a set of spiral circular surface with circles of variable radius defined by coordinates through functions of the corresponding surfaces in the SAPPHIRE software. Alternative methods for specifying surfaces in the SAPPHIRE PC with subsequent export to the LIRA PC for engineering calculations of the frame of the building for various combinations of loads by the finite element method are presented. The object of the study is a 130-meter-high building with a hardness core in the form of a cylindrical shell of revolution. One of the most universal ways to create a surface is to specify it through a formula, because you can easily change the shape and appearance of the surface without manually editing the geometry of the model in the drawing. The development of the parametric architecture calls for the creation of new approaches to the calculation of unique buildings and structures, the improvement of software complexes that implement the finite element method, and the appearance of new varieties of finite elements with curvilinear boundaries.

    Keywords: parametric architecture, surface, shape of the object, shell, curve, model, geometry, program, formula surface, helical surface

  • Organizational and technological solutions for erecting construction sites on low-bearing soils

    The article deals with the specifics of the work to strengthen the foundation. Examples of the use of synthetic materials in the construction industry are given. The sediment of the embankment at construction sites with a different index of the modulus of deformation of the synthetic material was analyzed. On the basis of the above method of production, the possibility of forecasting an algorithm for the production of a construction site under the condition of various types of soils is manifested in the purchase of operating enterprises, organizations of new enterprises, redistribution of investments in the interests of organizing and developing new products in existing production areas.

    Keywords: constructive solution, strengthening of soils, base, synthetic material, polymeric material, geotextile, mound sediment, deformation module, erection, ground