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  • Techniques for technical diagnosis of cylinder-piston group of diesel engines with cold starting cranking of the crankshaft

    The main disadvantages of the methods of diagnosing the cylinder-piston group used at present are indicated in the article. Mathematical dependencies and the technique of technical diagnosing of a cylinder-piston group of diesel engines with a cold starting cranking of a cranked shaft developed on their basis are offered.

    Keywords: engine, cylinder-piston group, compression,diagnosis, cold idle cranking of the crankshaft

  • Modeling of electrodynamic parameters of a multi-mode double-gap cavity for using in miniaturized multi-beam klystron’s devices

    For miniaturized vacuum klystron type devices utilization of a double- gap strip-line cavity with suspended ceramic substrate is very promising. 
    The two-mode operating mode of such cavities practically isn't studied enough; so there is the great scientific and practical interest for research of electrodynamic characteristics of cavities during multi-mode operation that correspond to simultaneous excitement of anti-phase and co-phase modes in a double gap.  
    In this article results of the 3-D numerical modeling by means of the Ansoft HFSS code are presented, and also the experimental results of the electrodynamic properties of the half-wave double- gap cavity with the suspended ceramic substrate are submitted. Optimum parameters of this design, allowing to carry out simultaneous excitement at multiple frequencies with frequency rate (K=2) are determined.
    In such cavity high values of unloaded Q factors isn’t need because dielectric losses and conductor losses can be compensated at the expense of  the negative electronic conductivity that brought by modulated electronic beam. The operating mode with frequency rate   can be used for increasing of efficiency of generating and amplifying micro devices with filament cathode and matrix field emission cathodes.  

    Keywords: double-gap cavity, electrodynamic parameters, mathematical simulation, resonance frequency, characteristic impedance, method of planned experiment