Produced synthesis steklomatrits to make white glass-ceramic enamel coatings for steel products with various color shades in the system R2O-RO-B2O3-Al2O3-SiO2-TiO2-P2O5-F- and investigated their spectrophotometric properties. We describe the basic features of different models of determining the color characteristics of the resulting coatings and choose the best for the objective of determining the parameters of color shades of white glass-ceramic enamel coatings for steel products.
Keywords: glass-ceramic enamel coating, protective coating for steel products, corrosion protection, spectrophotometric characteristics, color shades, whiteness, brightness, color models
The article presents the development of compounds pristovnik glazes for ceramic tiles using the method of mathematical planning Scheffe. The most important rheological properties of glaze slip. Revealed the formation of high-quality glaze coating.
Keywords: ceramic tile, mittavinda glaze, clay Germanskogo deposits, volcanic ash, CTE, rheological properties, plan the Work
Because the issues related to the calculation and design of the cable properties of the products, determining the impact of various factors on their physical and mechanical properties, has hardly been mentioned in the literature, it is of interest consider these questions with regard to features braided and twisted ropes.
Keywords: woven products, strands, woven products, ropes, weave
Production of sodium hypochlorite as disinfectant agents to clean water, suitable to be deployed on the basis of a thermal power plant or nuclear power plant. Power plant-manufacturer GHN can profit from its implementation. The proposed scheme will facilitate rapid and efficient transfer of rural water supply in an environmentally and safer water treatment technology.
Keywords: sodium hypochlorite, water, disinfection, disinfectant, concentration, ecology
The combination of the unique, abnormal properties shown by oxidic systems with structure of spinel on the basis of transitional elements chromites draws attention of researchers for many years. Some systems on the basis of transitional elements chromites (for example, nickel and copper chromites) have critical elements (multicritical points, lines of phase transitions of the second sort, etc.) on the phase chart. Near these elements of the phase chart materials possess unique chemical and physical properties. Therefore development methods of receiving and research of phase forming and properties in NIO-CoO-CuO-Cr2O3 system represent fundamental and practical interest for chemistry and technology of inorganic substances. In this work processes of spinel structure formation in system 0,6 NiCr2O4 – 0,2 CoCr2O4 – 0,2 CuCr2O4 from crystal chemistry positions are considered. Formation of two solid solutions on the basis of nickel (II) chromite – with structure of cubic spinel and with tetragonal distorted structure is established. The influence of cooperative Yahn-Teller effect on processes of a spinel forming and on stabilizing impact of chloride of potassium on process of education of two spinel solid solutions is suggested. Influence of a power factor of cation stabilization in knots of a crystal lattice as one of the important factor in reaction of spinel structure formation is considered.
Keywords: spinels, chromites of transitional elements, Jahn-Teller effect
In the article are considered the results of the researches of noncorrodibility of the concrete received with the use of industrial wastes and mineral-chemical additives of various structures in various combinations. Research has shown increase of noncorrodibility, durability and water resistance of the concrete obtained with the use of additives, and the most effective, at that, is the sharing of mineral-chemical additives.
Keywords: concrete, mineral-chemical additives, industrial wastes, noncorrodibility, decstrin, lignosulfonat, kinetic, durability
High purity ultrafine aluminum nitride is produced by gas-phase approach, however there is an issue to divide AlF3 and AlN at the final step of synthesis. Recently, the problem is solved by sublimation of aluminum trifluoride in vacuum, but due to high temperatures aluminum nitride particles agglomerate into chunks with dimension about 8 μm, hence the new alternate methods of separation is in a great interest. Flotation in organic environment is considered to divide aluminum trifluoride and aluminum nitride. The process of AlN and AlF3 interaction with organic and element-organic matters was investigated and the following conclusions were made: there is agglomeration and sedimentation stability of AlN and AlF3 in organic environments and flotation possibility was experimentally proved, hence, flotation after special treatment is a possible approach to divide powders of aluminum trifluoride and nitride.
Keywords: aluminum trifluoride, aluminum nitride, gas-phase synthesis, aglomeration, sedimentation, sublimation