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Features of obtaining manganese dioxide by method thermolysis on the tantalum anode of condenser


Features of obtaining manganese dioxide by method thermolysis on the tantalum anode of condenser

A.G. Starostin, I.S. Potapov

Incoming article date: 20.02.2014

In the article obtaining of cathodic coating MnO2 on condenser porous tantalum anode was researched. It was ascertained that formation of crystalline defects from hydrated MnO2 on MnO2 coating obtaining by known technology is possible. Such formations disturb tantalum capacitor cathode integrity. To determine the reasons of the crystal defects formation conveyed simultaneous thermal analysis of Mn(NO3)2x4H2O and Mn(NO3)2x6H2O with an analysis of the flue gases by FTIR spectroscopy. Based on the analysis results a mechanism of manganese nitrate thermolysis was suggested and the cause of the crystal defects on the surface after the coating of manganese dioxide removed from the furnace was ascertained. It was established that the thermolysis process is followed by the formation of such manganese nitrate intermediates as manganese hydroxynitrate, manganese oxyhydroxide and its further oxidation to manganese dioxide. Because of secondary processes leaking on the MnO­2 cover manganese oxyhydroxide residual can react with water vapor and oxygen, that leads to the formation of crystalline defects. Such phenomenon has a negative impact on the chemical composition and integrity of the coating on the surface of the porous MnO2 tantalum capacitor anode. Also it has been found experimentally that manganese hydroxynitrate is formed from manganese nitrate in the form of microtubules on the porous tantalum vehicle surface.

Keywords: manganese dioxide, coating, manganese nitrate, thermolysis, crystalline defects, microtubules