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Analysis of functional requirements for the system of basic processing of slope lands: use options


Analysis of functional requirements for the system of basic processing of slope lands: use options

Maksimov V.P., Ushakov A.E.

Incoming article date: 09.06.2021

Intensive use of heavy energy-rich machinery on agricultural land has resulted in a significant overconsolidation of tillable land. It is obvious that overconsolidation of soils is one of the main reasons for reducing crop yields. This is especially evident on slope lands, which are exposed to many additional factors of degradation (deflation, surface washoff, destructuring, sliding of the topsoil to the slope bottom with the formation of swampy areas) resulting in a loss of yield of up to 12-15%. The peculiarities of slope lands place increased demands on the corresponding work technologies. However, existing tillage equipment cannot fully and qualitatively fulfill these demands. In this regard, the search for a rational solution to this problem based on the methodology of conceptual design is an urgent task. The system functioning is influenced by many external factors, such as the forms of organization of economic entities and their respective resource capabilities, the variety of cultivated fields by area, type of soil, crops, profile shape, climatic conditions, ecology, etc. Obviously, under these conditions, the solution to the problem of creating a slope land cultivation system (SLCS) at the modern level lies in the field of new information technologies that implement the idea of the entire life cycle integrity. However, the SLCS system does not exist in isolation. It interacts both with the land user and the cultivated soil. At that, the interaction is limited not only by the soil condition and the slope angle, but also by the profitability level, financial and technological capabilities, as well as environmental safety. In UML, the corresponding semantics are reflected in an additional set of dynamic diagrams. Use options or use case diagrams play a major role in modeling the behavior of a system, a subsystem, or a class. The use case diagram allows not only to formalize the relationship of functional requirements in the form of goals initiated by specific participants in the process of creating a SLCS system by a customer (land user), an ecologist and an economist, but also to develop, on the basis of a compromise and taking into account financial and technological constraints, various use cases that implement the global goal - "Increasing the efficiency of the SLCS functioning".

Keywords: concept design, deep tiller, universal modeling language, use options, use case diagram