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  • Assessment of the suitability of water resources of water wells for water supply of rice systems in floodplain areas

    This article discusses the possibility of using water wells for water supply of rice irrigation systems. The aim of the study of this work is to study the prospects for the possible use of water wells for irrigation of flood fields of the Krasnodar Territory. This issue has been studied by the example of a water well, which is located in the village of the Black Sea Seversky district of the Krasnodar Territory. The relevance of the study of this issue is expressed in the fact that of all types of agricultural nature management in the Krasnodar Territory, one of the most important types is rice growing. Naturally, in the field of rice production, irrigation sources play an important role, which, in our opinion, include water wells. The relevance of this study is associated with the importance of the production of rice groats, as one of the most important types of agricultural nature management in the Krasnodar Territory and the Republic of Adygea. Irrigation sources are of great importance in the field of rice growing, which consists in the fact that for the irrigation of flood fields, a large amount of water is required, providing a favorable environment for rice growth. At the same time, the quality of rice cultivated directly depends on the qualitative characteristics of the water resources used for rice systems. The value of irrigation sources is that a favorable environment for the cultivation of rice groats is created by water resources, which are used in large quantities for irrigation of rice fields. Water resources used for irrigation of flood fields have a direct impact on the quality of rice cereal, which is grown on irrigated fields. In this regard, there is a need to conduct a study of water resources extracted from water wells for their compliance with sanitary norms and rules, the results of which will be considered in this paper.

    Keywords: siltation, reservoir, water resources, floodplain territories, rational water use, water resources

  • Ways to solve the problem of siltation of the Krasnodar reservoir for the rational use of water resources of floodplain territories

    This article presents the results of solving the problem of silting of the Krasnodar reservoir for the rational use of water resources of floodplain territories. The forecast of changes in sediment for the future is determined taking into account an increase in the overgrowth of the reservoir, further processing of the coastline, as well as a decrease in afforestation and an increase in cultivated areas in the river basin. Kuban. Given these factors, the increase in sediment volumes in the reservoir alignment will increase annually by 0.13% and by 2036 will amount to 18.01 million m3 per year. The main measures to improve the transport of sediment into the dead volume bowl are considered, and ways to solve the siltation problem by clearing the flooded riverbeds are proposed to be carried out by the method of stirring, since this method is used in reservoirs with flow, because its essence lies in the fact that silt sediments are agitated with the help of a floating dredger with water jets and the pulp is not sucked into the dredger, and suspended sediments are transported by the flow of water into the bowl of the "dead" volume of the reservoir. The use of this method is recommended for economic reasons, since it is 2.4 times cheaper than cleaning with pulp removal. The actual use of the Krasnodar reservoir is currently consistent with the design purpose. Sediment runoff in the river basin Kuban is determined by water erosion. Water erosion is especially pronounced in the mountainous and foothill parts, which is facilitated by the mountain-valley relief and large slopes of river channels. Precipitation falling on the underlying surface, in particular intense downpours, heavy snowmelt, debris material is washed off the catchment area into the river, forming a sediment runoff. An important role here is played by the composition of the rocks that make up the catchment, its afforestation, agrotechnical and water management measures carried out on the catchment area and in the riverbed.

    Keywords: siltation, reservoir, water resources, floodplain territories, rational water use, water resources

  • On the issue of monitoring the operational reliability of rice irrigation systems in southern Russia

    This article presents the results of monitoring the operational reliability of the on-farm network of rice irrigation systems. The issues of planning and prospects for its improvement on the basis of the introduction of modern laser scanning systems and digital a control systems are considered. In the Krasnodar Territory, the main consumer of water resources is agriculture, which absolutely prevails in terms of water withdrawal among other consumers. The most expensive water resource is the rice water industry. Its share is about 90% of the total water consumption in agriculture. To prevent degradation of the ecosystem of the river. Kuban and achieving the objectives of the Water Strategy by 2020, irrevocable water withdrawal must, at a minimum, be stopped at the achieved level. Satisfying growing water needs and introducing new water users should be implemented through water conservation in the systems of existing water users.

    Keywords: monitoring, residual resource, rational water use, water resources, on-farm network facilities, rice irrigation systems, technical condition

  • Monitoring and calculation of residual life of emergency bridge crossings through water-conducting structures

      Modelling results of technical state of long-operated bridge crossings across conveyance structures are given in the article. As a result of the experiment a solid-state model for bearing element of a bridge crossing across conveyance canals was constructed. The stress-strain state of ferroconcrete bearing elements under various load combinations is considered. As a result of numerical experiments carried out zones of forming defects and damages on bearing elements of bridge crossings across conveyance canals were marked out. These zones may have characteristic damages of the same type that makes it possible to regulate the process of laying georadar sounding profiles and defining points in which it is necessary to measure concrete strength when conducting inspections on location. In this connection modeling defects on a column by way of formation voids and ferroconcrete unseals with diameters from 50 mm to 100 mm was carried out. Intensive danger threshold for forming voids and ferroconcrete unseals beginning from 100 mm diameter was fixed.

    Keywords: hydraulic structures, conveyance structures, bridge crossings, operation monitoring, modeling, technical state, solid-state model, danger threshold, voids, unseals

  • The use of software and hardware solutions to the complex problems of the operational monitoring and determination of residual life of water conveyance facilities

    Software and hardware solution for the operational monitoring of the technical state of water conveyance structures designed to determine the various parameters of defects and damages, as well as of the forecast period the residual life of their members. It can be used to estimate the geometric parameters of each defect, namely - the location, depth, width, height, and operational evaluation of residual life - namely, predicting the total number of cycles of freezing and thawing, as the last for the period of operation, and the remaining to loss of bearing capacity of concrete elements water conveyance structures, and complex influence of several factors on the reliability of the plant and the most characteristic of them is abrasion, leaching processes and the degree of wear on sites with different hydraulic characteristics. Software and hardware solution can be equipped with various combinations of frames, copies the form of water conveyance structures.

    Keywords: the hydraulic engineering constructions which are water carrying out channels, nondestructive control methods, a residual resource, modeling, and a technical condition

  • Abstracts



  • Features of technical diagnostics it is long maintained water carrying out constructions

    Results of technical diagnostics are given is long maintained water carrying out constructions nondestructive control methods on an example of irrigating systems of the South of Rossi. Possibility of use of devices of nondestructive control is especially noted at inspection them that allows operatively, without additional damages, to receive an objective assessment of their technical condition. When using this approach there is a possibility justification of parameters of defects and damages which it is impossible to establish at visual survey.

    Keywords: the hydraulic engineering constructions which are water carrying out channels, nondestructive control methods, modeling, a technical condition.