Research of possibility of management of morphological parameters of arrays nanoparticles Au (form, the size, density of superficial distribution) of the thin films of ZnO received on a surface by method of the pulse laser deposition (PLD) with subsequent annealing in the inert atmosphere was conducted. It was experimentally established that increase of the average size of Au nanoparticles leads to the plasmon peak broadening and its shifting to the red region. Nanoparticles with diameters 17, 25, 31, 37 and 40 nm have plasmon absorption maximums at wavelengths 570, 590, 605, 610 and 620 nm, respectively. With the increase of the average nanoparticle size nm to a certain value rise of maximum in absorbtion spectra at wavelengths 570, 590, 605 and 610 followed by its decrease at 620 nm is observed. The highest value of the intensity at/in the absorption maximum corresponds to the average diameter of the nanoparticles of 37 nm. Optimal conditions for synthesis of isolated arrays of Au nanoparticles on the surface of ZnO thin films with high maximum of plasmon absorption were experimentally found. Obtained results can be used to increase the sensitivity of the photodetectors and solar cells based on zinc oxide or chemosensors based on Raman amplification effect near the gold nanoparticles.
Keywords: nanoparticles of Au, arrays of isolated nanoparticles, plasmon resonance, a photodetector, photosensitivity, ZnO film
With the use of pulsed laser deposition and carbothermal synthesis а photosensitive structure on the basis of the Schottky barrier Au/ZnO(nanorods)/ZnO(film)/ZnO(nanorods)/Au was obtained. The parameters of the carbothermal method of synthesis of nanorods ZnO were optimized. Under directly applied bias of 7V current sensitivity of luminous flux for this photodetector is observed in the UV and visible regions of the spectrum, and is 0.14 A/W - for 325 nm and 0.18 A/W - to 405 nm, which means that this structure has the ability of potential applications in various fields for the control of UV radiation (for example, for the monitoring of solar UV radiation, control of UV radiation in air and disinfecting water devices).
Keywords: ZnO nanorods, Schottky barrier, photodetector, photosensitivity
Sensitive element of CO sensor was created by pulsed laser deposition and it was integrated in device of surface acoustic waves (SAW). Photoluminescence was used to control of oxygen-related defects of ZnO nanorod arrays. It is shown that the deficiency of oxygen in zinc oxide nanorods can be increased by change in temperature synthesis of nanorods of 850 to 915 ° C with a high argon pressure, and control of the deficiency of oxygen by increasing the ratio of the intensity of radiation in the visible region of the luminescence intensity in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum can help to increase the sensitivity of CO.
Keywords: ZnO nanorods, photoluminescence, CO sensor
Structure of surface acoustic waves(SAW) of CO sensor was developed. SAW sensor include transceiving IDT and catoptric IDT, which is loaded on the impedance of ZnO nanorods. Peak of reflection SAW from IDT clearly observed as result Fourier transformation of time function of pulsed response. IDT loaded on resistance paralleled ZnO nanorods, which depends on the concentration of CO.
Keywords: ZnO nanorods, device on SAW, CO sensor
The sensor design on surface acoustic waves (SAW), representing the delay line with unidirectional inter-digital transducers (IDT) is considered. The factor of reflection of SAW from the unidirectional IDT loaded on impedance depending on value of resistance connected to it is investigated. On dependence of factor of reflection on size of resistance there is almost linear site at values of resistance more than 50 Ohm. The new design of the connected lattices of nanowire of zinc oxide, having the general resistance in a range of 50-250 Ohm which is connected to reflective IDT as loading is developed.
Keywords: passive sensors, ZnO nanowire, surface acoustic waves, interdigital transducer.