The problem of designing and construction of objects of various purposes of an eco-sustainable type in urbanized areas is currently extremely topical. Directions and techniques used in theory and practice to improve the quality of the urban environment, still remain the subject of many scientific disputes and professional discussions. In their article, the authors propose to act in accordance with a number of environmental principles in order to solve urban-planning tasks of this kind on the territory of complex development. According to the authors, with an integrated approach to solving the problem, architectural and town-planning activities, modified according to the principles listed in the article, should ultimately contribute to the development of natural processes. In this case there will be a significant increase in the level of construction development of the territories in terms of the quality of the processes performed and an increase in the level of environmental safety.
Keywords: environmental safety, urbanized areas, urban environment, environmental principles, sustainable construction, comprehensive assessment
The problem of negative impacts of various nature on the environment from the functioning of public facilities is currently particularly relevant. A special place among such objects is occuped by shopping and entertainment complexes representing a unique symbiosis of various zones. This makes them objects an extensive list of negative factors affecting the environment. At the first stage of the research to solve this problem we carried out a study of the existing scientific approaches to the assessment of the state of the environment and the selection of the scientific basis for subsequent research. The results obtained at the completed stage of the research can be used as the basis for improving the existing scientific base in order to minimize the shortcomings of the existing approaches.
Keywords: environmental safety, urban areas, urban environment, renovation of industrial areas, shopping and entertainment complexes, environmental impact, socio-environmental and economic assessment
There are dendrological features of architectural design of the functional territorial zones taking into account environmental requirements enumerated in the paper. Particularly, we are talking about of the role of green spaces in residential, recreation and industrial zones and features of their selection for landscaping areas in natural and climatic conditions of Rostov-on-Don.
Keywords: functional territorial zones, urban development, ecology, dendrology, the system of green spaces, architectural and planning solutions, greening of urban areas, landscaping, residential areas
The item under consideration is the possibility of implementing into the educational process for students of architectural departments a space-composition modeling of module origami as a mean that shows visually the interaction between the fullerene structure and the fractal principle of development for natural and geometrical objects and architecture.
Keywords: professional education, space-composition modeling, modular systems, architectural design, fractal, fullerene, module origami