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  • Temperature-kinetic studies of anodic selection of chlorine on metal oxide anodes

    The estimation of the dependence of anode potential of the temperature and current density. It is established that the activation energy of the anodic oxidation process HORTA, HORTA-I1 and OITA decreases with increasing potential, which corresponds to the limiting stage of charge transfer. The activation energy of the anodic process refers to the collective processes of transformation of the catalytic coating and anodic oxidation of the chloride ions. The latter process limits the adsorption of atomic chlorine, and the increase in activation energy is correlated with increased corrosion resistance. The dependence of the activation energy of from the content in the catalytic layer of iridium has an extreme character. The maximum is reached when the content of iridium 60-70%.

    Keywords: ORTA, ORTA-I1, OITA, activation energy, anodic oxidation, adsorption of chlorine, sodium hypochlorite, chlorine, charge transfer, a mixed oxide, electrode potential

  • The use of waste wool and feathers as sorbents of oil and oil products

    "Effective and affordable sorbents produced from natural organic raw materials and waste products of agricultural and livestock origin, because these sorbents are part of existing ecosystems and, therefore, best meet environmental requirements, in order to ensure the rational nature management and preservation of consumer properties of water resources. For the solution of actual problems, such as the removal of oil and oil products from water surface, as sorbents was investigated by the waste processing of leather and agricultural industries: wool (sheep and goat) and feather (chicken and waterfowl). It is established that application of organic and mineral acids at certain concentrations , for treatment of wastes from the processing of wool allows to obtain sorbents directional spectrum for removal of oil products (such as diesel gas oil and engine oil) and oil from water. The modifiers of wool and feathers obtained after the chemical treatment, was used to study the sorption of oil and oil products from water surface. It was determined by sorption characteristics of the modified sorbents, such as oil capacity and moisture absorption. The kinetics of sorption–desorption of oil, which showed that the greatest degree of absorption is observed for the first 10-15 minutes. It is found that wastes from goat and sheep wool have a 90% holding capacity that persists in time. It was revealed the effect of temperature on oil absorption capacity of the sorbent and the calculation of heat of adsorption. The temperature increase leads to a reduction of the capacity of emulsified oil, reducing the degree of purification by 15-30%."

    Keywords: sorbent of oil, wool, feathers, oil, oil products, chemical modification of the sorbent, oil capacity, moisture absorption, heat of adsorption

  • Features of the ruthenium oxide-titanium anodes in sodium chloride solutions of different concentrations

    The effect of sodium chloride concentration on the job ORTA electrodes. It is found that the electrodes OPTA, especially in the sodium chloride concentration below 50 g/liter, three groups occur conjugate processes, oxidation of chloride ions, the solid-phase oxidation of the anode material, dissolution of the active catalytic coating. The processes of oxidation of chloride ions prevail in current densities of 0.001 - 0.032 A/cm2 at high current densities become essential processes of oxidation of the ruthenium oxide coating. The oxidation of chloride ions, especially at concentrations less than 50 g/liter can be described as occurring in a constantly evolving anode active material due to its corrosion and solid-phase oxidation.

    Keywords: ruthenium oxide-titanium anode, sodium hypochlorite, polarization dependence, water disinfection, tafel dependence, oxidation of chloride ions, solid-phase oxidation of the anode material, changes in the activity of the anode material, anion ruthenate, an

  • Developing a technology of natural water purification for drinking purposes in emergency situation: active chlorine production through elecrolysis of natural water

    In our work we researched the possibility of producing active chlorine out of fresh natural water through it's direct elecrolysis. We discovered how the anode's corrosion resistanse relates to the ruthenium oxide and iridium oxide ratio in the anode's coating. We also researched their properties: chlorine outcom dependance on current, cell voltage, and active chlorine concentration increase dynamics in processed water from Don river.

    Keywords: Emergencies, water supply, disinfection, electrolysis of natural water, chlorides, active chlorine, current density, electrode's lifetime

  • Analisys of Aleksandrovskiy water-inlet with fish-biological characteristic of river Don

    The article is devoted to highlighting the problems of fish protection identified in the inspection process intake of Rostov-on-Don in pos.Aleksandrovka. Based on studies graphs of velocities in different alignments ladle water intake.

    Keywords: water intake, hydro-morphological study of fish protection, water intake scoop, slush, freezing, water inlet filter is applied, siltation of the reservoir

  • Study of channel processes in the area of the River Don Alexander's intake structures

    The article is devoted to the results of morphological studies in the area of the Don river water intake facilities of Rostov-on-Don. Investigations of ice phenomena, water-level regime, built hydrographers.

    Keywords: water intake, hydro-morphological study of fish protection, water intake scoop, slush, freezing, water inlet filter is applied, siltation of the reservoir

  • Study of corrosion and electrochemical properties of anode coatings oxide for production dilute sodium hypochlorite

    Consider the choice of coating anodes for electrolysis of sodium hypochlorite nizkokontsentrovannogo 3% solution of sodium salt of food and water of the Black Sea. Defined corrosion resistance of anodes with different laying oxides of ruthenium and iridium and their characteristics: yield chlorine-current voltage on the cell growth dynamics of the concentration of active chlorine in the solution.

    Keywords: oxide coatings, iridium, ruthenium, low concentration of sodium hypochlorite, the corrosion resistance of anodes according to the output current of chlorine, the electrolysis of a 3% solution of sodium edible salt and sea water.

  • Abstracts

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