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  • Methods for determining the calculated lengths of centrally loaded steel columns when pivotally adjacent to reinforced concrete bases

    This article discusses several ways to determine the calculated lengths of steel columns in the plane of the frame. By analyzing existing techniques, the most successful method of selecting the calculated lengths for steel columns in a free multi-storey frame was determined. Taking into account the non-standard case of fastening crossbars to the considered section in the frame of the overpass, using the LIRA CAD PC, as well as the Crystal module (implemented in SCAD), the loss of stability of equally loaded elements in the most sensitive area is clearly shown.

    Keywords: Euler's formula, loss of stability, coefficient of calculated length, calculated length, coefficient of stability margin, finite elements

  • Methods for determining the bearing capacity of the supporting bases of offshore platforms under geodynamic influences in conditions of increased oil and gas production

    This article discusses the main factors leading to a decrease in the bearing capacity of the support bases and the possible loss of stability of the offshore platform, which will entail emergency consequences. The impact of free gas in the upper sections of the soil and dynamic external loads on the safety of construction and operation of oil platforms has been assessed. Calculations for the bearing capacity of the pile foundation of the support bases of the SPBU Astra in the Caspian Sea, performed according to existing methods, were analyzed. The determination of the strength of the soil is carried out for the calculated support surface – the section of the column having the maximum area.

    Keywords: geodynamic effects, bearing capacity, pile foundation, indentation depth, free gas

  • Hierarchical Dynamic Information Security Management System for an Enterprise Information System

    The problem of developing the architecture of a dynamic information security management system for an enterprise information system, based on the hierarchical organization of the management system, analysis of the state of the computer system in the information space, analysis of the spread of risk flow, as well as multi-agent organization of the processes of collecting, analyzing data and making decisions is considered.

    Keywords: information protection, enterprise information system, security policy, information security management, risk analysis, zero trust architecture, multi-agent technologies, neural network forecasting

  • Zero Trust Architecture Design Patterns

    The features of designing security systems based on the zero trust model are considered. The problem of developing security policy patterns is considered. The problem of choosing the points of application of the security policy based on the analysis of the risk flow is discussed. An example of a security pattern in the DRAKON language is given.

    Keywords: information security, zero trust architecture, enterprise architecture, security policy patterns

  • Analysis of modern systems for computer-aided design of weaving patterns

    This scientific article examines the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning in the textile industry with an emphasis on the automation of the design of weaving weaves. The article discusses research and approaches using neural networks, genetic algorithms, deep learning methods and computer vision to create, optimize and analyze weaves. The main attention is paid to the comparison of existing software solutions that allow automating the design process and significantly improving its productivity, accuracy and quality. The importance of integrating AI and machine learning into the textile industry is emphasized, as this opens up new opportunities for automating processes, improving product quality and increasing the competitiveness of the textile industry at the global level.

    Keywords: automation, modern systems, design technologies, computer-aided design, information systems, software, fabric drawings, computer-aided design of weaving patterns, innovations in the textile industry, process optimization, digitalization

  • Features of designing security systems based on zero trust architecture

    To optimize the life cycle of information systems, the design uses abstract models that describe the main elements of the system architecture. Zero trust architecture is a new concept of information security that takes into account the remote format of employee access to the assets of an enterprise information system. The main features of zero trust architecture are considered.

    Keywords: information security, enterprise information system, zero trust architecture, security policy

  • The use of universal adversarial attacks in the tasks of increasing the effectiveness of protection systems against robots and spam

    This article discusses the use of universal adversarial as well as to improve the effectiveness of protection systems against robots and spam. In particular, the key features that need to be taken into account to ensure an optimal level of protection against robots and spam are considered. It is also discussed why modern methods of protection are ineffective, and how the use of universal adversarial attacks can help eliminate existing shortcomings. The purpose of this article is to propose new approaches and methods of protection that can improve the effectiveness and stability of protection systems against robots and spam.

    Keywords: machine learning, clustering, data recognition, library Nanonets, library Tesseract

  • Environmental monitoring of atmospheric air pollution in residential areas

    Air pollution in urban areas contributes to the development of various diseases among the population. In this connection, its environmental monitoring is relevant. Goals and objectives. The aim of the study was to study the redox potential of aerosols in the residential area of the village. Kuporosny (Volgograd, Sovetsky district) (experimental area) in comparison with the conditionally clean zone. The objectives of the study were to select aerosol particles in the leaves of apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L.); preparation of aerosol suspensions from the leaves of apricot trees; study of the ORP of aerosol suspensions when they are infused for 5 minutes in distilled water; discussion of the obtained results. Methods. Leaves of apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L.) in the amount of 10 pcs. placed in a glass dish, added 100 ml. distilled water, stirred them for several minutes with a glass rod to wash the particles from the surface of the leaves. As a result, aerosol suspensions were obtained, in which the ORP was studied. The ORP value was measured using electrochemical equipment (SevenCompact pH meter S220, manufacturer: Mettler-Toledo GmbH, Switzerland). Results. Established air pollution residential area in the village. Vitriol based on low values of the redox potential (Eh=30.03+0.27 (mV)) compared to the conditionally clean zone (Eh=140.83+0.81 (mV)). Conclusion. The results obtained indicate the predominance of recovery processes in the atmosphere of the residential zone of the village. Vitriol, the deterioration of its oxygen regime and the development of environmental risks for the population living there. In this connection, it is required to establish sources of pollution and develop appropriate environmental measures.

    Keywords: aerosols, redox potential, environmental monitoring, residential areas, atmospheric air pollution

  • Environmental monitoring of acid of the atmosphere at the residential areas

    Acidic impurities in the atmospheric air pose a certain threat to human health and contribute to the development of various diseases among the population, which is an urgent topic of research. The acidity of aerosols in the residential area of the village was studied . Vitriol (Sovetsky district, Volgograd), located in the zone of operation of industrial enterprises (tannery, production of building materials, etc.) for the spring-summer period of 2022. The selection of aerosol particles was carried out using passive monitors - leaves of apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L.) in the green infrastructure of the residential area of the village. Vitriolic. The study of the acidity index indicated the absence of acidic impurities in the atmospheric air of the residential zone, which corresponds to the normative values (pH = 5.5-6.5), (according to Svistov P.F., 2010).

    Keywords: aerosols, environmental monitoring, residential areas, acidic impurities, pH

  • Ontological design intelligent recommendation system "military recruitment committee"

    "This article describes the application of the ontological approach to the creation of an intelligent system of recommendations in the work of military recruitment committee. A popular and perfectly proven approach to describe and represent knowledge is ontologies. Designing knowledge-based systems is impossible without a thorough systematic study of the subject area in which the problem is to be solved. The result of systems research should be represented by the formalism best adapted for further implementation. Ontology is such a formalism, and this article discusses approaches to the formal representation of ontologies as the most important mechanism of knowledge engineering. Conceptually, ontology design processes are similar to those with multi-agent systems. In this case, nodes or agents connected to each other materialize our knowledge of the problem solution. An agent is comparable to the notion of an entity in an ontology. In both cases, an ontology graph is used. The Protégé software platform was chosen as one of the most popular development tools to implement the ontology ""Military Recruitment Committee"". An important factor is the support of SWRL, which is necessary for the future development of the project. In the process of ontology design, three main branches of entities were identified: questionnaire data; medical data; psychological data. Based on the results of the logical inference, a recommendation (advice) is formed regarding further decisions (actions) on working with a conscript. The SWRL is used to create rules for checking the set of properties for each conscript, on which a verdict is made. If necessary, the system will explain its actions. As a result, a preliminary ontological graph of the investigated domain in the OWL language is made. Implemented some software modules. Conducted a logical inference on the Protégé platform based on the description in SWRL language of the rules reflecting the impact of the set of entities of the ontology on the inferred recommendations."

    Keywords: ontology, knowledge management, Protégé, knowledge-based systems, advisory systems, military recruitment committee

  • Information system of assistance in choosing a specialty for applicants based on a neural network

    The most important task of the admissions committee of any university is to advise applicants on admission to the specialties available at the university. In this article, an automated information system has been developed, which, based on the applicant's questionnaire, allows you to form recommendations when choosing a training specialty, taking into account the applicant's personal preferences. Artificial neural networks are proposed to be used as a method of choice, and the multilayer perceptron (MLP) was the model of the neural network.

    Keywords: neural network, career guidance, multilayer perceptron, neural network training, methods, automated information system, training directions

  • Development of a software module for searching for patent analogues

    With the development of industry and science, the size of the patent base is growing, as well as the number of patent applications received by the agencies regulating the issue of patents is growing. Each patent application must be checked for the uniqueness of the patented technology, for this, the patent office experts need to search the patent database and find analog patents. In the absence of analog patents, this technology can be considered unique and accepted for patenting. Since the patent database of various departments can number tens of millions of patents, such a patent search and evaluation of the uniqueness of the patented technology can take a very long time. The existing systems do not meet all the requirements and do not have the full necessary functionality. This article describes the development of an automated system for searching for analog patents in the patent array.

    Keywords: patent, database, search, patent-analog, Hadoop, Solr, Django, Python, Haystack, HDFS

  • Peculiarities of thermal analysis of a 3D microcomputer system with a packageless FPGA

    3D integration technologies based on highly integrated substrates and bare chips solve the problem of miniaturization of complex functional devices. However, increasing complexity and decreasing mass-size parameters of products lead to problems of effective heat distribution and dissipation from frameless microcircuits. The article considers features and problems of thermal analysis of 3D computing microsystem based on several modules with bare-metal chips, and also shows the importance of modeling the actual heat generation of programmable logic integrated circuits.

    Keywords: microassembly, microsystem, chipless chip, FPGA, thermal analysis, CAD, finite element method, heat transfer simulation, printed circuit board, three-dimensional integration

  • Justification of the choice of the pipeline construction method in permafrost conditions

    During operation, the pipeline is threatened by various geological hazards, especially in regions with permafrost, where freeze-thaw disasters have a significant impact on the integrity and safety of oil and gas pipelines. Therefore, at the design and construction stage, it is advisable to analyze various methods of laying pipelines, taking into account the topographic environmental conditions, as well as the effect of frost rise and thaw on the soil of the pipeline foundation. An analysis of the existing design schemes for the construction of pipelines, the conditions for passing the route of the projected pipeline, the characteristics of the pumped hydrocarbons makes it possible to justify the choice of a construction method that can ensure the stable position of the oil and gas pipeline both during the construction period and during its operation.

    Keywords: hydrocarbons, analysis, pipeline, construction methods, reliability of pipeline structure, permafrost soil, pile support

  • Architectural techniques in the development of software dependent on the user interface

    The article describes the architectural techniques used in the process of developing case studies for assessing the professional skills of students, implemented as part of the educational process of the RSTU. The decision to use the interface as the center of architecture is justified. Possible problems in the process of developing the interface of the specified software are described, and ways of solving them are also presented. Thanks to the presented methods of building the project architecture, you can get rid of the main drawbacks associated with the dependence of the program code of the implemented product on the user interface. Increase the scalability and reliability of the application, while maintaining the overall quality and functionality.

    Keywords: interface, user interface, architectural solution, loaded interface, software, pattern, messagebroker, coroutine, pseudo-stream, case