This article discusses the use of universal adversarial as well as to improve the effectiveness of protection systems against robots and spam. In particular, the key features that need to be taken into account to ensure an optimal level of protection against robots and spam are considered. It is also discussed why modern methods of protection are ineffective, and how the use of universal adversarial attacks can help eliminate existing shortcomings. The purpose of this article is to propose new approaches and methods of protection that can improve the effectiveness and stability of protection systems against robots and spam.
Keywords: machine learning, clustering, data recognition, library Nanonets, library Tesseract
Air pollution in urban areas contributes to the development of various diseases among the population. In this connection, its environmental monitoring is relevant. Goals and objectives. The aim of the study was to study the redox potential of aerosols in the residential area of the village. Kuporosny (Volgograd, Sovetsky district) (experimental area) in comparison with the conditionally clean zone. The objectives of the study were to select aerosol particles in the leaves of apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L.); preparation of aerosol suspensions from the leaves of apricot trees; study of the ORP of aerosol suspensions when they are infused for 5 minutes in distilled water; discussion of the obtained results. Methods. Leaves of apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L.) in the amount of 10 pcs. placed in a glass dish, added 100 ml. distilled water, stirred them for several minutes with a glass rod to wash the particles from the surface of the leaves. As a result, aerosol suspensions were obtained, in which the ORP was studied. The ORP value was measured using electrochemical equipment (SevenCompact pH meter S220, manufacturer: Mettler-Toledo GmbH, Switzerland). Results. Established air pollution residential area in the village. Vitriol based on low values of the redox potential (Eh=30.03+0.27 (mV)) compared to the conditionally clean zone (Eh=140.83+0.81 (mV)). Conclusion. The results obtained indicate the predominance of recovery processes in the atmosphere of the residential zone of the village. Vitriol, the deterioration of its oxygen regime and the development of environmental risks for the population living there. In this connection, it is required to establish sources of pollution and develop appropriate environmental measures.
Keywords: dispersion, aerosols; surface density of particles; PM2.5; PM10; green infrastructure; natural pollution
Acidic impurities in the atmospheric air pose a certain threat to human health and contribute to the development of various diseases among the population, which is an urgent topic of research. The acidity of aerosols in the residential area of the village was studied . Vitriol (Sovetsky district, Volgograd), located in the zone of operation of industrial enterprises (tannery, production of building materials, etc.) for the spring-summer period of 2022. The selection of aerosol particles was carried out using passive monitors - leaves of apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L.) in the green infrastructure of the residential area of the village. Vitriolic. The study of the acidity index indicated the absence of acidic impurities in the atmospheric air of the residential zone, which corresponds to the normative values (pH = 5.5-6.5), (according to Svistov P.F., 2010).
Keywords: aerosols, environmental monitoring, residential areas, acidic impurities, pH
"This article describes the application of the ontological approach to the creation of an intelligent system of recommendations in the work of military recruitment committee. A popular and perfectly proven approach to describe and represent knowledge is ontologies. Designing knowledge-based systems is impossible without a thorough systematic study of the subject area in which the problem is to be solved. The result of systems research should be represented by the formalism best adapted for further implementation. Ontology is such a formalism, and this article discusses approaches to the formal representation of ontologies as the most important mechanism of knowledge engineering. Conceptually, ontology design processes are similar to those with multi-agent systems. In this case, nodes or agents connected to each other materialize our knowledge of the problem solution. An agent is comparable to the notion of an entity in an ontology. In both cases, an ontology graph is used. The Protégé software platform was chosen as one of the most popular development tools to implement the ontology ""Military Recruitment Committee"". An important factor is the support of SWRL, which is necessary for the future development of the project. In the process of ontology design, three main branches of entities were identified: questionnaire data; medical data; psychological data. Based on the results of the logical inference, a recommendation (advice) is formed regarding further decisions (actions) on working with a conscript. The SWRL is used to create rules for checking the set of properties for each conscript, on which a verdict is made. If necessary, the system will explain its actions. As a result, a preliminary ontological graph of the investigated domain in the OWL language is made. Implemented some software modules. Conducted a logical inference on the Protégé platform based on the description in SWRL language of the rules reflecting the impact of the set of entities of the ontology on the inferred recommendations."
Keywords: ontology, knowledge management, Protégé, knowledge-based systems, advisory systems, military recruitment committee
The most important task of the admissions committee of any university is to advise applicants on admission to the specialties available at the university. In this article, an automated information system has been developed, which, based on the applicant's questionnaire, allows you to form recommendations when choosing a training specialty, taking into account the applicant's personal preferences. Artificial neural networks are proposed to be used as a method of choice, and the multilayer perceptron (MLP) was the model of the neural network.
Keywords: neural network, career guidance, multilayer perceptron, neural network training, methods, automated information system, training directions
With the development of industry and science, the size of the patent base is growing, as well as the number of patent applications received by the agencies regulating the issue of patents is growing. Each patent application must be checked for the uniqueness of the patented technology, for this, the patent office experts need to search the patent database and find analog patents. In the absence of analog patents, this technology can be considered unique and accepted for patenting. Since the patent database of various departments can number tens of millions of patents, such a patent search and evaluation of the uniqueness of the patented technology can take a very long time. The existing systems do not meet all the requirements and do not have the full necessary functionality. This article describes the development of an automated system for searching for analog patents in the patent array.
Keywords: patent, database, search, patent-analog, Hadoop, Solr, Django, Python, Haystack, HDFS
3D integration technologies based on highly integrated substrates and bare chips solve the problem of miniaturization of complex functional devices. However, increasing complexity and decreasing mass-size parameters of products lead to problems of effective heat distribution and dissipation from frameless microcircuits. The article considers features and problems of thermal analysis of 3D computing microsystem based on several modules with bare-metal chips, and also shows the importance of modeling the actual heat generation of programmable logic integrated circuits.
Keywords: microassembly, microsystem, chipless chip, FPGA, thermal analysis, CAD, finite element method, heat transfer simulation, printed circuit board, three-dimensional integration
During operation, the pipeline is threatened by various geological hazards, especially in regions with permafrost, where freeze-thaw disasters have a significant impact on the integrity and safety of oil and gas pipelines. Therefore, at the design and construction stage, it is advisable to analyze various methods of laying pipelines, taking into account the topographic environmental conditions, as well as the effect of frost rise and thaw on the soil of the pipeline foundation. An analysis of the existing design schemes for the construction of pipelines, the conditions for passing the route of the projected pipeline, the characteristics of the pumped hydrocarbons makes it possible to justify the choice of a construction method that can ensure the stable position of the oil and gas pipeline both during the construction period and during its operation.
Keywords: hydrocarbons, analysis, pipeline, construction methods, reliability of pipeline structure, permafrost soil, pile support
The article describes the architectural techniques used in the process of developing case studies for assessing the professional skills of students, implemented as part of the educational process of the RSTU. The decision to use the interface as the center of architecture is justified. Possible problems in the process of developing the interface of the specified software are described, and ways of solving them are also presented. Thanks to the presented methods of building the project architecture, you can get rid of the main drawbacks associated with the dependence of the program code of the implemented product on the user interface. Increase the scalability and reliability of the application, while maintaining the overall quality and functionality.
Keywords: interface, user interface, architectural solution, loaded interface, software, pattern, messagebroker, coroutine, pseudo-stream, case
This article discusses the features of the processes of heat and mass transfer, taking into account the formation of the contact surface during the interaction of air and water droplets sprayed in the working space of the spray chamber. The results of numerical modeling of heat and mass transfer processes are presented, which made it possible to establish the conditions of liquid atomization that ensure the most efficient flow of heat and moisture exchange processes in the working space of the spray chamber.
Keywords: air handling unit, spray chamber, heat and mass transfer, diffusion model, efficiency, droop parameters, calculation model, numerical simulation
The article considers internal adjustable sun-protecting jalousies from their different functional efficiency pant of view. It is noted, that besides their main sun-protective function, adjustable jalousies possess some other functions, depending on the position of their horizontal planks. These functions can be successfully used for microclimatic internal environment creation of comfortable. These are natural lighting function, psychological contract with surrounding environment function and function of visual isolation, i.e. “privacy”. and so on. All the above functions usually have maximum efficiency of their qualities in the case of their individual consideration. This, as a rule, is not practically reasonable. That is why this work is aimed on optimum combination of the man functional characteristics of horizontal sun-protecting jalousies under necessity of their mutual consideration, i.e. in achievement of their functional universality.
Keywords: sun-protecting devices, horizontal jalousies, functional characteristics, comfort of internal environment, optimization, insolation, visual comfort, functional universality, natural lighting
This paper presents an information model of a relational database developed by the authors, designed to take into account the teachers workload of an educational organization. The identification of the subject area entities, their decomposition and the relationships identification between them are carried out. The constructed database model was brought to the Boyes - Codd normal form. Based on the designed database schema, its physical implementation and filling with test data was carried out. The results of test queries showed the developed model adequacy and the its practical applicationp ossibility. It is currently in trial operation at the Department of Information Systems and Computer Modeling, Volgograd State University. With minimal changes, the developed database schema can be applied to account for the teachers workload in various educational organizations.
Keywords: database, information modeling, "entity-relationship" diagram, decomposition, information system, educational organization
In this work, the phonon format of graphane nanoribbons is calculated in the Hamiltonian formulaism. The geometric model is presented in the form of a graphene plane with hydrogen atoms attached to it. The unit cell of graphane contains two carbon atoms from solid graphene and two carbon atoms. The curvature of the graphene plane as a result of attachment to hydrogen atoms and hybridization of the outer electron orbitals of carbon atoms from sp2 to sp3, as well as the interaction between hydrogen atoms, are not taken into account. Analysis of the obtained phonon spectra shows that, for any type and width of graphane nanoribbons, there is a gap between acoustic and optical vibrational modes, in contrast to graphene, which can serve as an indicator for a given structure. Also, for the material under study, the values of the speed of sound and the Debye temperature were calculated.
Keywords: graphene, graphane, nanoribbon, unit cell, vibrational spectrum, dispersion equation
The article discusses the features of environmental safety management systems of organizations in the electric power sector, and also presents an approach to their improvement. The authors substantiate that an important aspect of improving the environmental safety of electric power companies is the integration of quality and environmental management processes in the organization. Based on the analysis of scientific literature and the regulatory framework, the problems of integration of environmental management systems, quality management and organization management are identified. As one of the approaches to improving the environmental management system of electric power industry organizations, a management model of an environmentally-oriented organization based on the PDCA cycle and a quality management system, as well as scientifically based principles of its construction, is proposed. The key advantages of the model are: an expanded methodological base in comparison with the models of environmental management and quality management based on the Deming сycle "Plan-Do-Check-Act" the possibility of effective integration with the general management system; decision-making based on various factors of the external and internal environment of the organization.
Keywords: environmental safety, integrated management model, environmental safety management in the electric power industry, Deming сycle
The article considers the main approaches to the organization of ecological management and environmental safety at industrial enterprises in Russia, highlights the key problems and trends of environmental management in industry, factors and conditions for ensuring environmental safety in the production sector. Based on a comprehensive analysis of scientific literature and activities to ensure the implementation of ecological management of large industrial enterprises in the country, the main directions and problems of practical implementation of environmental management, as well as the design and operation of environmental safety systems in the industrial sector are identified: insufficient experience in developing and implementing an environmental strategy; fragmented use of elements and methods of environmental management; lack of methodological support for effective integration of the environmental management system into the management system of industrial enterprises; problems of corporate governance and others.
Keywords: ecological management, ecological safety, ecological management, environmental safety management system, industrial enterprise management