The development of the customs service of the Russian Federation until 2030. The aim of the research is to improve the customs risk management system as a result of the development of a methodology for the automated application of the flow of goods between various customs services. As a result, an algorithm for searching and analyzing goods flows was proposed and its software implementation of mediation in MS Access requests for a database of electronic copies of goods declarations was presented.
Keywords: risk management system, flow of goods, customs risks, foreign economic activity, databases
The article discusses the method of network planning in road construction as a method of rational resource planning. The calculation of the main indicators of the network graph such as the early start of work, the late start of work, the calculation of the critical path as the probable time of the construction duration is given. Analysis of the network schedule allows you to identify the time reserve for reducing construction time by a reasonable redistribution of resources and equipment. The results of this study will allow at the planning stage to analyze the data and choose the most optimal option for construction from the position of the correct distribution of resources and equipment, as well as their savings. At the stage of construction, it will allow you to monitor and control the progress of construction work, thereby monitoring the flow of funds and achieve savings or the optimal amount of construction without risks. Also, the results of the study will allow, without critical changes, to reduce construction time without changing the sequence of construction technology and without increasing mechanisms and labor costs. Subsequently, the results of the study can serve as the basis for developing a mechanism for optimizing network schedules from the position of the redistribution of teams to carry out construction work, as well as a reasonable combination of works that use the same type of mechanisms.
Keywords: road construction, network planning, earlier start of work, late start of work, critical path, resource management, construction duration
In article the situational centers operating in the territory of Russia in the educational sphere are considered, their classification is offered and need of expansion of functionality of their activity is revealed. The structural model of the innovative situational center within the certain region allowing to carry out processing of big data arrays that will increase efficiency of decision-making process in crisis situations is developed. This model is universal and applicable to any region.
Keywords: situational center, education, model, region, information systems, management, digitalization, information system
The paper proposes a mathematical model for evaluating the effectiveness of measures aimed at anticipating competitors in the market. The model is based on the theory of Markov random processes. It allows you to assess the probability of pre-emption in the implementation of commercial projects by one party over the other in a competitive environment. The dependences of probabilities of pre-emption of the parties from time to time. It is shown that these probabilities depend on the average project execution time of each competitor and have a maximum characterizing the most effective lead time. The obtained theoretical dependences allow us to analyze the possible outcomes of competition in market conditions.
Keywords: competition, market relations, advance, efficiency, commercial project, mathematical modeling, conflict of parties, random process, probability of state, time dependence
The article investigates the process of organization of the public passenger urban transport of the city of Rostov-on-don and regularities of the process of organization of the public passenger urban transport of the city of Rostov-on-don, the relationship of the factors influencing this process.
Keywords: preferential categories of passengers, passenger traffic, transport mobility, route network, public transport, regular passenger traffic, automated monitoring of passenger traffic
An application of the method of qualitatively representative scenarios of the simulation modeling to the solution of the optimal control problems in marketing is described. The idea of the method is the following. We can reduce the enumeration of very big or even infinite number of of scenarios to the very small number of them and receive a qualitatively acceptable picture of the forecasting behavior of the modeling dynamic system. The conditions of verification of the correctness of such reduction are presented. The qualitatively representative scenarios of the marketing impact on the target auduience are proposed for different control problems.
Keywords: directed graphs, differential games, dynamic control models, marketing research, social networks
This study describes the method of narrative management of the socio-economic system. The stages of narrative management and the structure of the business process are presented, as well as the distribution of responsibilities among the participants of the management process. The system of support of narrative management in the socio-economic system is proposed, the architecture of the software package is described. The presented system is implemented. An example of a scenario for managing a socio-economic system using the developed software package is given. The process of managing urban passenger transport is considered as an example. Thus, the study has implemented an approach that allows preserving the observability and manageability of the system and monitoring the process of managing the system, taking into account subject-object interaction. At the same time, the choice of actions to organize management and responsibility for the actions of the participants in the process lies with the participants themselves. The results of actions in the system that may lead to loss of manageability and impossibility of achieving the general goal (destruction of the system) are compensated by modifying the manage strategy without losing the structural coherence of the goal space. This ensures the very existence of the system in its environment.
Keywords: socio-economic system, management support system, management in socio-economic systems, goals model, dynamic goal setting, goals space, system manageability
Currently, qualified personnel is the basis for the development of any enterprise. In modern practice of human resource management, the concept of “personnel potential” is of great importance. It represents the knowledge, skills, and skills of employees that can be used to achieve specific goals and objectives of the enterprise. To improve the activity of an enterprise from the standpoint of human resource management, regular monitoring and evaluation of human resources is necessary. The paper presents a methodology for assessing the efficiency of human resources management on the example of the activities of the company LLC "Bekovsky DFF "Oktyabr""
Keywords: personnel potential, personnel stability index, industry material attractiveness index, staff turnover index
The features of the mechanism for preparing the technical plans of linear objects, including those located in several cadastral districts, are considered. The main problems arising in the process of preparing technical plans for linear objects and the factors affecting them are formulated. The problem of the lack of a sufficient regulatory framework in the field of regulating relations arising from the state cadastral registration of linear real estate objects is indicated. It justifies the need to refine the requirements for the technical plan of the property, namely, the linear object, as well as the form of the technical plan itself. Suggestions were made to optimize the mechanism for preparing technical plans for linear objects.
Keywords: technical plan, linear object, cadastral registration, cadastral engineer, construction
A model of impact in a social network is a weighted directed graph. Its vertices correspond to the members of a social group, and its arcs describe their mutual impact. A real value (an opinion of the group's member) as a function of time is ascribed to each vertex, and a real number (weight) is ascribed to each arc (a degree of impact of one member of the group to another or, what is the same, a degree of confidence of one member of the group to another). All strong subgroups (non-degenerated strong components of the digraph) develop their final opinions which depend only to the initial opinions of their members. The final opinions of other members of the group are linear convolutions of the final opininions of all strong subgroups. A number of indices is used for the additional quantitative characteristics of the social group. From the marketing point of view, the solution of the analysis problems provides a segmentation of the target audience for the determination of the most appropriate objects of marketing impact (members of the strong subgroups).
Keywords: directed graphs, differential games, dynamic control models, marketing research, social networks
Applied control problems in education organizations are formalized as discrete optimization problems. Namely, complex evaluation and personal structure optimization problems are considered. The principal role is played by the notion of homeostasis of the education system describing by means of the model constraints. For the solution of these problems it is rational to use simulation modeling. Namely, the method of qualitatively representative scenarios is assumed to be appropriate.
Keywords: discrete optimization, complex evaluation, control in education systems
In the Russian economy, in a situation aggravated by the sanctions pressure from the United States and several EU countries, there is an acute problem of growth on the threshold of the 4th industrial revolution, which seems to be a necessary prerequisite for technological modernization of the country. The work examines possible mechanisms for achieving modernization and innovation growth in the regions of the Russian Federation: special economic zones, advanced development areas, industrial and technological parks, industrial clusters, which are mechanisms for accumulating a set of benefits in implementing new investment attraction vectors. It justifies the need to develop a strategy for the sustainable socio-economic development of the region, taking into account the assessment of its potential, analysis of competitive advantages and resource constraints. The introduction of these mechanisms implies a focus on long-term development, horizontal diversification, through the leadership of high technologies, harmonization of tasks, instruments of industrial and socio-ecological and economic development of regions with a focus on a fairly high standard of living.
Keywords: economic transformation; technological structure; region; strategy; 4th Industrial Revolution; cyber-physical systems, territory of advanced development; zones of technical and economic development; investments
Efficiency, quality and safety of construction are formed by the levels of management and integration relations between the enterprises of the industry and Federal services. Multidirectional construction business contributes to the formation of various types of inter-industry relations. Currently, intra-industry relations are dominant, which are typical for cluster formations in market conditions of development under the existing uncertainty. Effective management of supply and demand affects the stable profit of the construction industry.
Keywords: construction, management, territorial features, industry features, production, competition, integration associations
Abstract: The analysis of the operational work of the district station Salsk in terms of increasing the volume of freight traffic in the direction of Kotelnikovo-Tikhoretskaya-9km.Developed measures to promote the development of infrastructure and improve the technology of the station and ensure the passage of the growing volume of freight trains. The estimation of the economic efficiency of the station in the conditions of implementation of the proposed measures.
Keywords: Key words: station, analysis of work, capacity, problems, activities, technology, economic efficiency
The article is devoted to solving the actual problem of improving the efficiency of software testing based on the development of an automated control system for this process. The structure of the created system is proposed, which allows specialists to form the advising effects for the best implementation of each of the software testing stages. Optimization models are presented that ensure the correct selection of the values of various attributes of test plans, test cases, defect reports and other documents created during the testing process. The structure of the neural network and the concept of its application for the most accurate selection of attribute values are described. The research is supported by a stipend of the President of the Russian Federation to young scientists and post-graduate students (No. SP-100.2018.5), which was assigned by the grants Council of the President of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: software testing, optimization methods, automated control system, neural networks, test coverage
The problem of increasing the efficiency of training specialists in software testing based on the use of an automated training system to control the process of formation of professional competencies is considered. To reduce the labor intensity and increase the efficiency of the testing process, the task is to train the novice specialist in modern testing techniques, including taking into account the experience of real software projects. The use of automation tools can intensify and improve the quality of the learning task. The paper proposes models and algorithms to control the formation of professional knowledge and skills of specialists in testing using modern mathematical methods. The research is supported by a stipend of the President of the Russian Federation to young scientists and post-graduate students (No. SP-100.2018.5), which was assigned by the grants Council of the President of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: automated training systems, software testing, personnel training, professional knowledge and skills
Having appeared on fusion of two megatrends – urbanization and digital revolution – the smart city paradigm signifies transition to modern cities digital governance. The history of the origin and evolution of the smart city concept is shortly given with the role of high-tech giants and the world's largest international organizations in the process. The steps of the Russian Government, high-tech companies and an academic community, which contribute to the emergence of smart cities in Russia, have been presented. The IBM and The World Bank declare that smarter cities make their systems instrumented, interconnected or integrated and intelligent. These three ways to use of information and communications technology we have interpreted as a smart city model. According to the Smart Cities Council a smart city enhances its livability, workability and sustainability by collecting, communicating and “crunching” data. These three core functions of a smart city have been described here as the second model. Smart Cities Council Chairman Jesse Berst on the third-annual Smart Cities Week D.C. have presented four actions a smart city performs: it collects, communicates, computes and controls. We can consider now the process of improving decisions and behavior had been separated from “crunching” as a new stage. The KPMG sets the smart city principle: it operates on a 4-step process of capturing data, communicating, analyzing and acting. Although KPMG’s model appears earlier, we suggest the model presented by Jesse Berst to be considered as the basic smart city model. It emphasizes four substantial stages in the use of ICT in smart cities
Keywords: smart city, digital economy, sustainable development, digital technologies, urban management, smart city model, data, information
The risk management system of the Federal customs service of the Russian Federation needs to be improved - first of all the technology to identify the category of risk level of foreign trade activities participants in the framework of the risk categorization. When assessing the level of risk of participants in foreign economic activity, it is advisable to base the definition of the risk category on a set of heuristic rules reflecting the experience gained by customs officials and the ambiguity (blurring) of the initial data. The purpose of the study is to determine the possibility of improving the system of customs risk management by creating a fuzzy model of risk classification of traders. A prototype of fuzzy model (Mamdani algorithm) for determining the level of risk of of foreign economic activity participants, developed in the environment of Fuzzy Logic Toolbox Matlab package, is presented. Recommendations on the creation of a full-fledged model of risk categorization of traders are formulated.
Keywords: risk management system, categorization, risk level, foreign economic activity participant, fuzzy logic, fuzzy model
science is the driving force of the development of the modern state, the successful implementation of its achievements in the production and economic activities can improve everyday life. However, there is a lack of funding for research, low level of interest in new developments and young people in research activities, the lack of integration platforms for interdisciplinary cooperation in the packaging of projects and acceptable conditions for support of small and medium-sized businesses. In order to avoid the loss of scientific potential, it is necessary to take centralized measures on the part of authorities and economic entities
Keywords: scientific activity, applied science, federal budget, regional budget, inter-faculty associations, business
A model of corruption based on the example of an examination is psesented as a game in extended form. Both specific values of payoffs and a general case are considered. A probabilistic setup of the problem is also proposed.
Keywords: games in extended form, identification of models, economic corruption
The paper discusses the main trends in the development of information technologies in the housing and utilities sector. The main direction of development of energy and water accounting systems is energy efficiency, which is achieved either through the materials used or through constructive solutions. Automated systems for commercial accounting of energy resources (AMR) allow you to combine disparate data from metering devices and transfer them to information processing centers. The use of AMR allows you to keep records of consumed resources, monitor leaks and losses, accumulate data for further processing and forecasting, as well as generate data arrays for the application of BigData technology and neural networks. In Russia, the data collector is the GIS utilities system. In the future, ASCME will become part of the organizational and technical concept of Industry 4.0.
Keywords: measuring circuits, metering devices, Internet of Things, AMR, BigData, neural network
The article deals with the task of dealing with the opportunistic behavior of the supervisor and agents in the river water quality control system. A two-level hierarchical model is built, including a supervisor (master) and agents (slaves). Each of the subjects seeks to maximize their objective function. In the model, the principal is implicitly present, fighting against the opportunistic behavior of the supervisor and agents. As the method of control used the method of inducement. The behavior of the system is investigated in the case of Shtakelberg’s information regulations. The algorithm for finding the Stackelberg equilibrium is indicated. The results of model simulation under various initial conditions are demonstrated. An analysis of the results is provided.
Keywords: Shtakelberg equilibrium, two-level system, prompting, imitation, opportunistic behavior, river water quality, hierarchy
The article is devoted to the development of an effective model of interaction between the main participants of the regional labor market: the system of vocational education, the leading employers of the region and regional Executive authorities. The proposed structural and functional model includes a management system based on regional Executive authorities, a system for forecasting the needs of employers in key sectors of the region's economy, a system for assessing the quality of graduates ' competencies and educational programs, a system for monitoring the employment of graduates, a training system and a funding mechanism for the vocational education system, as well as a career-oriented Internet portal for informing the population about the future needs of the economy in the workforce. Using the proposed model of modernization will allow to bring into line the issue of the vocational education system to the needs of the regional economy, increase the level of employment of graduates and thereby increase the effectiveness of functioning of regional system of vocational education.
Keywords: vocational education, effectiveness of functioning, modernization, model, needs of employers, labor market
The paper discusses the technological barriers arising from the transition to a digital economy, in particular in the housing sector. The technological barrier consists generally of three components. The first component is that the development of IT technologies requires the initial accumulation of a large amount of data. Metering devices for this task are not suitable due to their functional tasks. The second component is the lack of interest on the part of end users. The third component is information security. One approach to solving the problem is to apply and implement the BigData concept.
Keywords: Semenistaya E.S., Leonova A.V.
The article discusses the results of the development of a methodology based on the principles of subject-augmented management for choosing a contractor in construction when placing orders for contract bidding to meet state and municipal needs. The considered methodology is based on determining criteria for evaluating bidders for contract bidding, processing expert information, translating quality indicators into qualimetric units of measurement, and also modeling the preferences of bidders. The principle of subject-oriented management, on which this methodology is based, involves the use of a non-manipulated mechanism. The application of this methodology on the principles of subject-oriented management becomes relevant when the individual with different preferences is involved in setting the minimum initial contract price. The urgency of finding methods for objectively selecting the winners of tenders in construction is due to the established practice of allocating government contracts through an auction mechanism, where the only criterion for determining the winner is to offer a minimum cost of work, which directly affects the quality of work performed and services rendered. The study of the relevance of the investigated problem revealed the fact that to evaluate and account for technical and technological solutions used to select the winner of contract bidding it is necessary to use qualimetric methods based on non-manipulable mechanisms - exclusion of any kind of manipulation of the results of the bidding in their interests. The technique describes the concept of contract bidding. A system of criteria is proposed that is most fully capable of evaluating the participant’s application. The criteria can be divided into three groups: the first group describes the motivation of the participant, the second group evaluates the tender proposal, separately allocated the contract price.
Keywords: contractors, municipal order, subject-oriented management, non-manipulable mechanisms, contract bidding in construction, integrated assessment, integral indicator