The article is devoted to the analysis of the principles of energy security of the state and the study of the influence of energy on the level of national security. Considered threats to energy security and the basic directions of its implementation. Examples of world experience in ensuring the reliability of energy systems and power supply. The principles and approaches of maintaining the energy security of the state.
Keywords: electricity, security, reliability, power supply
The new way of multirate adaptation is considered. The main idea is the filter ability to change the order of the filter automaticaly by the appropriate algorithm.
The power on the filter output consists of two components. The first one is caused by the impulse response truncation, and the other is caused by weights fluctuations in the adaptive processing. More weights contribute more noise in adaptive signal processing. The result of adaptive procedure is the choice of the best filter orders in every channel of the multi-channel structure.
The main interest of this investigation is in the adaptation of the multirate adaptive filter with the flexible structural self-organization.
Due to the use of dynamical order adaptation procedure in the subbands, it is possible to reduce the total amount of the computational operations without quality reducing. Beside it, decreasing of the filter orders in the separate channel promotes considerable increase of the signal-to-noise ratio in the output signal. These statements are approved by experiments with the equalization problem.
Different results of the computer modeling are supplied with proper comments.
Keywords: adaptation, filter, multirate, signal, dynamical, order
Сollector mm-wave load circuit of differential stages, as well as the optimization of Q-factor are considered. Optimization of the form of microstrip line in order to increase quality factor is shown. Differential line shorted at one end, at the resonant frequency in the operating mode of the standing wave. At the shorted end of the line voltage is at minimum level, while the current at the maximum, so losses are mainly due to the series resistance of the microstrip line. On the other side of the line, the current is minimized, and the voltage - maximum, so the parasitic losses associated with shunt conductance between the differential lines. This effect use for reducing line losses and increasing the Q-factor. To this end, at the shorted end of the line is necessary to increase the line width and the gap between them, and at the other end to reduce the width and gap.
Keywords: resonant circuit, SiGe, mm-wave, BiCMOS, monolithic integrated circuit
Information about authors of issue №2 (2010)