The paper deals with the theoretical substantiation of the directional properties of the antenna arrays of a parametric profilograph intended for installation on an underwater uninhabited apparatus. A feature of such systems is the structural limitations of the overall dimensions of the carrier, which do not allow the antenna system to be implemented on the principles of linear hydroacoustics in the radiation mode. To solve this problem, we simulated the directional properties of the antenna arrays of the pump converter of a parametric profilograph. The directivity characteristics calculated for the center frequency of pumping in the diametral and traverse planes make it possible to take into account the expansion of the directivity of the radiating antenna when compensating for specified angles. The obtained values of the estimation of the change in the directivity characteristic by the level of 0,7 make it possible to ensure the necessary axial concentration ratio of the radiating antenna of the profilograph for each of the working frequencies.
Keywords: parametric profilograph, bottom survey, pumping antenna, directional characteristic, scanning, side-lobe level
The paper deals with the optimization of characteristics and justification of the directional properties of the receiving antenna of a parametric profilograph. A feature of such systems is their performance in the form of a separate receiving channel, providing high sensitivity, the possibility of matching with the receiving-amplifier path and the best signal-to-noise ratio. In addition, the receiving antenna must provide for the required overall limitations the required angular resolution in the entire sector of the review. In solving these problems, the simulation was performed on the directional properties of the antenna receiving antenna. The issues of optimizing the layout of the antenna system and the use of cylinders on the transverse piezoelectric effect as elements of the receiving antenna are considered. The question of eliminating the influence of the thickness of the fill of the receiving antenna on the transparency coefficient is considered, which allows to ensure the necessary sensitivity of the receiving antenna.
Keywords: Kirichenko I. A.