The necessity of studying the thermal balance of electrons in the ionospheric sporadic E layer to clarify the conditions of its formation in the framework of the theory of the wind shear. The method of calculation of the altitude profile of electron temperature in the sporadic E layer of the ionosphere. Reported satisfactory agreement between the calculated profile of the temperature of the eiectrons and its experimental profile.
Keywords: ionosphere electron, temperature, sporadic layer, heat balance, the heating rate, wind shear, altitude profile of the temperature probe measurements
The technique of calculation of high-altitude temperature profile of electrons in the region E of the ionosphere of the Earth consided. Presented examples of the calculation of the profile of the electron temperature at altitudes of 100 - 170 km, depending on solar Zenith angle given. Discusses the problems of the heat balance of the ionospheric electrons of Earth.
Keywords: ionosphere electron temperature, concentration, heat balance, the heating rate, solar radiation, collisions of electrons, high-altitude temperature profile, probe measurements
The method of calculating the heat flow to the ionospheric electrons from photoelectrons resulting from ionization of the neutral atmospheric components by solar radiation in region E of the ionosphere of the Earth is considered . Examples of the calculation of the spectra of photoelectrons and the rate of heat influx to the electron gas at an altitude of 130 km, depending on solar Zenith angle.
Keywords: solar radiation spectra of photoelectrons, the zenith angle of the sun, the collision of electrons, the ionization potential, secondary ionization, effective absorption cross section
We consider the technique for calculating the spectra of primary photoelectrons generated by ionization of neutral components of the atmosphere by solar radiation in the area E of the Earth's ionosphere. Examples of the calculation of the photoelectron spectra at altitudes (100 - 130) km, depending on the solar zenith angle to the average level of solar activity are shown.
Keywords: solar radiation spectra of photoelectrons, the zenith angle of the sun, the collision of electrons, the ionization potential, secondary ionization, effective absorption cross section.
The experimental results of determining the sliding surface of landslides in field experiments in the North Caucasus by the method of ultra-wideband monopulse radiolocation by using GPR ""GROT-12"" were received. The prospects for the use of advanced technology for the assessment of the power of the strata that cover the surface of sliding rock mass forming the body of the landslide are discussed. It is shown that the proposed technique allows to estimate the body volume of potential natural and man-made landslides.
Keywords: radar sensing, ground penetrating radar, the landslide body, the sliding surface, the power of layers, probing depth, resolution
The values the frequencies of the stretching vibrations of anions SCN-, NO2-, NO3-, CℓO4- in molten salts of alkali metals and their point group symmetry. There is a correlation with an increase in the frequency of symmetry
Keywords: Raman Spectra; anions; molten solts; group symmetry.
"The paper presents the solids control dust. Powered device for solids control dust and gas flow. The advantage of this device is that the air flow is not introduced sensor, distorts the parameters of the air flow. The necessary circuit device, and the necessary formulas for the calculation. "
Keywords: Air flow, dust-gas flow, solids, piezoelectric transducer, vibration, tailing.