the design of a new object presupposes not only the functional aspect, but an important factor is the location of the building or structure. The choice of location is one of the fundamental criteria: it is necessary to take into account the infrastructure and architectural appearance of the selected area, the needs of the district or region in the projected facility.
Keywords: constructivism, the architectural appearance, the blue line, multi-center, prototype, monuments, cultural centers, the Great Patriotic war
Considered several locations the bus station located in the city of Rostov-on-Don, and their location in urban areas. In the process of continuous urban growth and the construction of new housing estates, suggested to build a new avtovokzalnogo complex includes the station building itself, as well as the building of the hotel with car parking.
Keywords: bus, "model projects", "individual projects", Fibonacci spiral, bionics, shell-Nautilus
In this article is reviewed the nature of organic hybrid nanocomposites. Promising directions in the field of organic hybrid nanocomposite materials will be methods for the synthesis of multicomponent materials, as well as the type of "net net" and "host-guest". The fundamental problem with the chemistry and physics of nanocomposites is dependent "structure-property". Solving this problem will move from research materials to their purposeful design.
Keywords: nanocomposite sol-gel technology, synthesis, nanoparticles.
The composite cathode material of the core@shell type with the LiMn2O4@LiCoO2 formula of has been successfully synthesized using the solid-state reactions in several stages. Its structure has been studied by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and vibrational infrared spectroscopy. Electrochemical investigation in two-electrode cell has been showed improvement of characteristics of the synthesized cathode material than the constituent components. The specific power of LiMn2O4@LiCoO2 is 650 mWh/g, against 450 and 500 mWh/g for LiCoO2 and LiMn2O4, respectively.
Keywords: lithium-ion batteries, cathode materials, Delafosse, X-ray structural analysis, electron microscopy, electrochemical properties
The catalytic activity of Pt/C and PtxNi/C electrocatalysts prepared by borohydride methode was studed. It was established that the specific activity of fresh prepared Pt3,7Ni/C catalyst in oxygen electroreduction reaction is higher in compare with Pt/C material. After treatment of Pt3,7Ni/C material in the hot acid nickel in the surface layers of nanoparticles was dissolved and the composition of nanoparticles was changed to Pt5,6Ni. The electrochemical surface area of the Pt5,6Ni catalyst and specific activity was slightly decreased after corrosion treatment.
Keywords: platinum electrocatalysts, corrosion stability of the nanoparticles, fuel cells, X-ray diffraction, borohydride synthesis
With the use of pulsed laser deposition and carbothermal synthesis а photosensitive structure on the basis of the Schottky barrier Au/ZnO(nanorods)/ZnO(film)/ZnO(nanorods)/Au was obtained. The parameters of the carbothermal method of synthesis of nanorods ZnO were optimized. Under directly applied bias of 7V current sensitivity of luminous flux for this photodetector is observed in the UV and visible regions of the spectrum, and is 0.14 A/W - for 325 nm and 0.18 A/W - to 405 nm, which means that this structure has the ability of potential applications in various fields for the control of UV radiation (for example, for the monitoring of solar UV radiation, control of UV radiation in air and disinfecting water devices).
Keywords: ZnO nanorods, Schottky barrier, photodetector, photosensitivity
ZnO nanorod arrays have been synthesized on silicon wafers by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique with different temperature modes, without metal catalyst. With this method vertically aligned ZnO nanostructures were grown at the quite low temperatures. Modification of the method allowed to place silicon substrates in areas with different ratios of concentrations of the molecules in the vapor phase. Photoluminescence spectroscopy and electron microscopy studies have shown that morphologies and optical properties of nanorods depends on different ratios of concentrations of the molecules in the vapor phase.
Keywords: ZnO nanorods,chemical vapor deposition (CVD), photoluminescence
To date, the main method of mass production of advanced functional materials for various purposes is the ceramic technology. In the manufacture of multi-component oxide compounds using of ceramic technology is difficult to achieve high uniformity of chemical composition. For activation of the raw ingredients and make it more uniform use of chemical-tions (co-precipitation of salts or hydroxides, spray drying, Cryochemistry) and physical-tions (mechano-chemical, microwave, ultrasonic) methods. The paper presents the results of work on obtaining Ni-Zn-ferrite 2000NN radiation-thermal sintering. The influence of base composition and alloying additions on the electromagnetic properties of the ferrites. Confirmed the effectiveness of the use of surface-active additives To increase the density of the raw pieces and level parameters. We propose a model that explain schaya efficiency of dopants in the radiation-thermal sintering.
Keywords: Nickel-zinc ferrite, radiation thermal sintering, base composition, alloying additives, permeability
The short review of existing panoramic systems are given. The limits of such systems doesn't allow to form a panoramic video with dealing the parallax effect in real-time systems. The presented algorithm for forming a panoramic video is free of these disadvantages. An algorithm based on mathematical model of the round-view system that takes into account the location of cameras, their intrinsic parameters and model of the world. The algorithm includes following chain of coordinate transformation: from panoramic image coordinates to spherical coordinates and to Cartesian world coordinate system, from world coordinates to camera coordinate system and to input image coordinates. Geometric distortion of camera is dealt. Model of the world is represented as spherical and a hemispherical surfaces.
Keywords: panoramic image, round-view video system, camera model, camera distortion, parallax
The titanium dioxide synthesized by an electrochemical method is a perspective material for use in solar elements and catalysts of cleaning of water and air environments. Regularities of electrochemical synthesis of titanium dioxide in glycerin dilute solutions (1:1) in the presence of ammonium fluoride at 2-14 V are investigated. Mathematical scheduling of synthesis process according to plans of first order with use of the complete three-factorial experiment is carried out, the adequate regression equations for formation processes of a titanium dioxide in the field of potentials 8-14 V are received. The electron microscopy method proved porosity of synthesizable layers of titanium dioxide. Water content influence in electrolyte on the speed of electrochemical process and potential size influence on titanium dioxide materials yield is established. It is shown that under the chosen electrolysis conditions electrochemical process is accompanied by the considerable chemical disolution of a titanium. Electrochemical processes in water containing glycerin are investigated by a cyclic voltammetry method. It is established that at electrochemical oxidation of Ti in water containing glycerin (1:1) porous TiO2 with a materials yield no more than 25% is formed.
Keywords: titanium, titanium dioxide, electrochemical oxidation, glycerin, ammonium fluoride, experiment scheduling