The authors of the article consider external socio-economic and internal motivational factors in the formation of reproductive behavior of young families living in the Rostov region. Based on empirical data, the authors of the work conclude that young spouses occupy quite active economic positions in the region we are studying. These professional strategies have a dual effect on reproductive behavior, determining the choice of one-child family model in the region
Keywords: model, cognitive analysis, family, young family, life strategies, value orientations reproductive behavior
The article is devoted to the analysis of issues related to conflict interaction in the youth environment of Soviet and Russian society. The aim of the study is to build a cognitive map of the model of the system “Conflict control (youth of the USSR) conflict control (youth of Russia)”. The authors note that at present there is an urgent need to identify existing conflict situations in the youth environment of Russian society and at the same time it is logical to conduct an analysis based on a study of past years and those problems that were the cause of conflict situations in the youth environment in Soviet times. It is also noted that in modern social practices it is necessary to create effective mechanisms for countering conflicts, aimed primarily at reducing the level of risk in the modern youth environment. The methodological basis of the study. The research methodology is based on the principles of scientific research, as the principle of holism and the principle of objectivism. The work used the methods of systematic and comparative scientific research. Conclusions: in spite of the fact that it is not feasible to fully show all the questions outlined in the framework of one study (a similar goal was not set), the analysis of the processes associated with the study of conflitogenicity in the modern youth environment and the constructed cognitive model are of certain theoretical interest and require further work in the framework of this issue.
Keywords: diversification of management, production diversification, financial and economic purposes of a diversification, technological purposes of ensuring flexibility of production
In the paper the authors attempt to present the author’s model of reproduction of social scenarios from the prism of the interaction of language with social culture, and also a weighty rationale for the practical value of this model is given, which can serve as a methodical key to decoding whole blocks of social space perception. Such an approach may indicate the discovery of new modes in understanding social reality. Although the interpretation of the facts of a language is characterized by methodological difficulties, such a vision can help identify, on an empirical level, changes in the sociocultural sphere, as well as trace the dynamics of social scenarios of perception of reality by different categories of the population
Keywords: social scenario, semantic reproduction, language, language situation, scenario installations, social culture, language modeling, social world, conventionality, language situation
The article presents the author's theoretical and methodological construct of the study of socio-political behavior of the social actor. The developed construct is based on the concept of habitus introduced into the scientific discourse by Pierre Bourdieu. The socio-political habitus in this article is understood as interiorized patterns of perception, interpretation, evaluation and action in the socio-political space, which are constantly being refined and completed under the influence of everyday social practices. Denoted epistemological problem of combining the contradictory nature of the conduct and integrity of the habitus. As a solution to the problem, such a property of habitus as hierarchy is considered. It is assumed that in the deep structures of habitus there are integral models of social dynamics, which are reproduced in socio-political relations by spontaneous coordination of social practices of many social actors. However, each social actor represents a single element of the complex model. Such social dynamic models in this article are denoted by the term "myth". On the basis of the presented theoretical model, the solution of applied problems in the management of socio-political behavior is proposed. At the same time, the authors proceed from the fact that mythological complexes in the structure of the habitus can not be eradicated or replaced, but can be overbuilt.
Keywords: political relations, model, myth, habitus, management, regulation mechanism, calibration
This article reveals the scientific and theoretical approaches to the study of social issues in the language context. The authors attempt to present a two-dimensional model of giving the meaning to the modern verbal space. This model offers insights into the process of the formation of social scenarios that are fixed in the language space. In addition, the model developed by the authors provides a researcher with a complete picture of the dynamics of social processes in society, represented by addressing the phenomenon of language as a universal socio-cultural code
Keywords: semiotic model, verbal space, social scenario, discourse, language, social space, socio-cultural code, social phenomenon, sign system
The article reveals the role of the information space in modern education. The conclusion is made that it is important to correctly assess the possibilities of a new type of information-digital space, fight not only its shortcomings, but also create the necessary conditions within the framework of pedagogical education for actualizing and shaping the future teachers of positive, socially significant features that are in demand in the 21st century .
Keywords: information, information-digital space, information technology, student, digital literacy, technological tools, computer programs, digital technology, multimedia product
At present, there is a tendency in Russian society, which is connected with the fact that modern people strive, first of all, for self-realization. Very often, in the process of forming career strategies, a person thinks about whether he is happy in his position after having worked in an organization for over a year. Sometimes, such thoughts force a person to change the type of activity or completely change the place of work. Thus, such a pattern of behavior as downshifting can be formed, when a person radically changes the quality of his life, life priorities and value orientations. The author of the article, in connection with such a change in the model of career behavior, considers the reasons that can influence the reorientation of value orientations from material to spiritual.
Keywords: downshifting, career downshifting, success, values, profession, income, chronic fatigue, yuppie, freelancing, family, freedom
The process of overcoming the risks of destruction of the life world by young spouses is studied. Methods of cognitive modeling are used. The theory of adaptive control is chosen as the basic paradigm. This allowed the study to build on the existing theoretical basis of structural analysis of adaptive systems with models in the adaptation circuit.To use the practical experience of cognitive modeling of systems with the inclusion of a person in the adaptation circuit, for example, training models based on a double feedback loop. It is proposed to use the technology of solving problems, based on the experience of past situations, namely, the technology of output based on precedents (Case-Based Reasoning, or CBR). A generalized adaptive model of reducing the risks of destruction of the life world of a young family on the basis of a double CBR – cycle is developed. The model describes the process of self-development of young spouses through continuous training in complex problem situations
Keywords: young family, life world, risk, cognitive modeling, model, precedent, adaptation
The need to develop a wider range of methods and tools for system analysis and modeling, allowing to develop and implement anti-terrorism measures, was noted. The results of a model analysis of terrorist activity in media space are presented. The research is based on already approved model solutions. It is proposed to use the combination and integration of humanitarian knowledge and natural science tools. A cognitive analysis of the communication model of a successful terrorist attack and models of proactive counteraction to terrorist threats was carried out. Models are single- or multi-loop schemes with positive or multidirectional feedbacks. Functional-structural models for countering the coverage of terrorist activities in media space have been constructed. The context of the model of counteraction to terrorist threats is defined. Based on the hierarchical decomposition of the diagrams, the features of the structural organization of the counteraction process are investigated. The proposed model approach allowed to build a study, starting from the description of generalized structures to the analysis of the functioning of the system of counteracting the coverage of terrorists in the media space. The obtained models illustrate the mechanisms of formation of a system of links between state and public institutions targeted to deprive terrorism of its social base.
Keywords: functional-structural analysis, models, terrorism, proactive counteraction, communication, media space
The problems of young families are analyzed. The relevance of the study of the social welfare of modern young families is shown. A cognitive model of achievement and stabilization of the social welfare of a young family was constructed on the basis of the results of the study ""The Life of a Young Family in the Rostov Region"", 2017. It is shown that the basic model of achieving social well-being is a two-loop scheme with positive feedback. Each of the contours of which corresponds to the basic characteristics: socio-cultural and economic well-being. The principal problem of the factor of satisfaction of needs is revealed. The necessity of creating a full-fledged monitoring system of the socio-economic level of a young family included in the social policy framework of the state is shown.
Keywords: young family, social welfare, system characteristic, cognitive modeling, model, two-circuit scheme, feedback
Family is the most important actor in cultivating values of trust in the youth environment, however, the effectiveness of implementing this feature of the Russian family is limited to the trends occurring on the macro level and marked by a lack of trust in society, both at the macro and micro levels. Very clearly a crisis of confidence manifests itself in the urban environment of Russian society. Eventually, trust transforms into a family value that identifies the microcosm of the family interactions. The reality of the external world to the world of the family, urban youth perceive as socially unjust and full of distrust, determines, in the end, and the low trust rating in the system of values of young Russians.
Keywords: family, trust, youth, urban youth, urban environment, values, social justice, Russian society
This article is devoted to the problems of destabilization, conflict and problem areas in contemporary gender and family relations, mostly in the system of social roles realization. Selected problem areas promote not only destructive forms of relationships within the family unit and cause individual deep sense of dissatisfaction with life, but destabilize society on the whole, destroying peace and tranquillity both locally and globally. It is known that some contemporary types of gender and marital-family problems are very destructive to the existence of the whole social system. Such, in particular, can be called the imbalance of roles and inadequacy of prestige of the spouse/partner. Due to the urgency of the identified problems there increases the need for modeling the processes of peacemaking in the society, where the main actors can certainly become women. Female gender sub-group played a prominent role in peacemaking, in particular, during WW II , performing a variety of social roles.
Keywords: peacemaking, security, family, gender, gender studies, world war II, "war bride"
A dynamic cooperative games formalization of the problem of concordance of interests of the social partnership agents the the system of continuing professional education is proposed. The setup based on the previously considered differential games in normal form. The time consistency problem and its sociological interpretation are discussed.
Keywords: differential games in normal form, differential cooperative games, time consistency, continuing professional education, social partnership
Presented by the authors in the article an analysis is made of the safe childhood and the authors, on the basis of the concept of research, offer safe to consider childhood as a social phenomenon that characterizes the process of socialization and maturation of the personality from the standpoint of the creation of all necessary conditions for the formation of its physical and social health. Under the social health of the young generation authors is understood as a state of well-being considered from the perspective of primary family socialization, parent-child relations, the system of socialization of family values and preferences, ethical and moral norms of family society, a reflection of the attitude of parents to their children. The main conclusion by the authors, is that childhood in modern Russia is gradually losing safe features that, in turn, defines a deep interest in the issue of childhood in Russia and the need for timely diagnosis and sociological well-being/ill-being of childhood as an indicator of future social, spiritual and physical condition of Russian youth.
Keywords: social health, a safe childhood, socialization, parenting, parenthood, family, the younger generation
This article is devoted to the social health of the Russian student youth, and the sociological analysis of threats to Russia's security in the conditions of crisis of social justice. In this article, the social health of young people implies a sense of social justice, the state of protection of vital interests of a young man from dangers and threats. The article is based on the results of original empirical research. Of particular relevance to sociological studies of this phenomenon attaches to the fact that they allow to penetrate into the inner world of youth, closed for statistical, psychological and economic methods and means to understand the perception of social justice, to understand the value of dispositions and expectations, timely notice nominee disorder and social ill-health.
Keywords: social health, students, security, social justice, threats to Russia's security
Readiness of contemporary youth for formation of stable marriage-family relations is a necessary factor forming stable functioning of a society and also a determining factor of social and national security, which is very essential nowadays in the conditions of non-stability, various challenges and risks. Compatibility/non-compatibility of ideal behavior models of the contemporary youth with the real models in the chosen aspect represents itself as an important criterion of determination of readiness/not readiness of youth for family formation. Today there have been distinguished the factors influencing the formation of an ideal partner of other gender, these are family (parents, relatives), referent groups, first experience of communication with other gender, mass media, etc.
Keywords: youth, Russian youth, student youth, family, marriage, gender, model, behavior model
The article analyzes the characteristics of the tattoo practice as a way to diagnose the social health of today's youth. The relevance of this article lies in the fact that it can expand the number of non-verbal format manifestations of social health (along with social pathology, ill health).
Keywords: youth, youth subculture tattoo practices, diagnostics, social health, youth subculture.
Studies of social stereotypes and stereotyping mechanisms as part of the process of social cognition occupy priority places in the research of images of interacting partners. The problems of accentuation stereotypes in real behavior and activity of individuals in the field of road traffic (drivers, pedestrians, representatives of DPS) today only acquire some shape, but has not yet been properly addressed to. Traditional studies of gender stereotypes, unfortunately, are not able to uncover the underlying mechanisms of perception, which "create and run" the process of stereotyping due to specific reasons, objectively contained in the activity of subjects of interactions on the road. Attempts to detect and describe these mechanisms require research of real interactions of the subjects and objects of stereotypes, namely those and their specific characteristics that contribute to the emergence and actualization of gender stereotypes. The importance of this article is determined not only by the prospects of the development of theories of stereotypes as forms of everyday consciousness, but also the possibility of using some of the ideas for positive change of life of road users, accompanied by a high level of conflict, risk, interaction and challenges related to different factors of social reality. Gender stereotyping of subjects of road interactions are important factor clearly uncommitted to objective rules and norms of the culture of behavior on the road.
Keywords: gender, gender stereotypes, motorists, models, driving, interaction, conflicts
In this article the social health of the student youth as a social phenomenon is considered in the context of the theory of structural marginality. The author describes and explains the condition of the marginalized status of the student youth of the South of Russia. Social health of the student youth of the South of Russia is a reflection of the degree of her marginal position in society.
Keywords: Social health, Russian student youth, structural marginality, status, social value, satisfaction with life, the South of Russia
Motivation of young workers is an important research and applied problem. The need for effective motivation of this category of labour resources is dictated by the inevitability of personnel update and market relations. This article reveals the results of a study of motivators and demotivators labour youth activities in railway transport carried out by the author's method. In this article shows the specific of motivational sphere of young men.
Keywords: Motivation, motivator, demotivator, young worker, railway transport, reform.
This paper presents a multi-factor model of determinacy social health of youth. The author analysis of external (institutional and systemic) and internal (reflexive, behavioral) factors which affecting to the social health of modern Russian youth. The necessity of the integrative, complex approach is justified for the study of the influence mechanism of action of external and internal factors on the genesis of social health of young people.
Keywords: model, institutional, systemic and reflective factors, social health, behavioral strategies, risk factors, Russian youth.
In our days the following processes are considerably noticeable: rising communicative - dialogue processes among different gender cultures, intensification of the processes of "publicity" - placing private life for public observation by means of Internet and so on, distinct manifestation in cross-national migration asymmetry and aspirations of Western actors to domination and manipulation, aspiration for “zapadnotsentrizm” among some young Russians, noticeable dialogue determination by characteristics of the national gender-based mezo - and micro-social orders and others, equally important. In this context, the key value factors of micro-social order we consider: 1) activity/initiative; 2) family-centered; 3) economic status; 4) health; 5) morality; (6) aesthetics/appeal; 7) intellectual level. These factors can also be called the main aspects of the personality of the subjects of the marriage market (men and women), which are quite significant in the dialogue and consciously used by actors when looking for a partner for future family life. Modern Western culture (American and European), in general, presupposes spread of gender equality, and in Russia there is such attitude among women, including many marriage migrants. But, as the results of our research show, the Western men (as subjects of the marriage market and certain socio-psychological group, selected mainly on the parameters characteristic of the Patriarchal gender order) do not support the current U.S. and Europe gender order in love/romantic relationships.
Keywords: dialogue model, dialogue distance, intercultural dialogue, modelling of marriage-family behavior
The place and the role of bioethics in the system of social relations and interactions are shown in article. The bioethics as the formed social institute creates social mechanisms of ethical control of rapidly developing biotechnologies. Its syncretic and multilevel character gives the chance of "maneuver" in development of moral positions and adoptions of moral decisions not only in difficult situations of application of biomedical technologies, but also in certain sociocultural, medical contexts. The author comes to the conclusion that from the point of view of the social relations and interactions the bioethics corrects tension in relationship of science and society, axiological mechanisms of regulation of this tension, ethical mechanisms of realization of medical practice, defining the borders of a moral choice and moral responsibility, it acts as social control of modern scientific knowledge.
Keywords: bioethics, bioethical discourse, sociological approach, social relations, social interactions, institutional mechanism, social control.
The present paper is devoted to the problem of social modeling consumption of medical care in Russian society. Medical care consumption is analyzed as dynamic interaction of different variables, the interaction of actors in the medical system in a social context. The aim of this article is to reconstruct ideal types of medical behaviour on the theoretical level. The author comes to the conclusion about the determination of medical care consumption models by socio-economic transformation of Russian society at the turn of the century.
Keywords: consumption, medical care, social models, behavior strategy, healthcare institute, transformation, medical care accessibility
The article gives quite a full view of the model of social health of student youth from theory and methodology of structural and integral approach developed by T. Parsons. The author introduces a special modus components for the model of social health. This article is original and opening wide perspectives for further research.
Keywords: model, social integration, social health, student youth, cognitive modus, emotional component, behavior component, state, evaluative modus