The features of the mechanism for preparing the technical plans of linear objects, including those located in several cadastral districts, are considered. The main problems arising in the process of preparing technical plans for linear objects and the factors affecting them are formulated. The problem of the lack of a sufficient regulatory framework in the field of regulating relations arising from the state cadastral registration of linear real estate objects is indicated. It justifies the need to refine the requirements for the technical plan of the property, namely, the linear object, as well as the form of the technical plan itself. Suggestions were made to optimize the mechanism for preparing technical plans for linear objects.
Keywords: technical plan, linear object, cadastral registration, cadastral engineer, construction
The article discusses the process of sulfuric acid alkylation used to produce high-octane gasoline, as well as the design of jet reactors, their advantages and disadvantages. Based on the existing drawbacks of jet reactors, the development of a new high-efficiency jet reactor design has been proposed.
Keywords: reactor, sulfuric acid alkylation, isosurface, isocontours, gasoline, fractions, jet type, industry, oil refining
The article presents the developed cognitive model of tourism potential assessment, which allows to determine the prospects of development within the specific territory of the tourism and recreation cluster. The article describes the approach to the development of an integral indicator of tourism potential assessment, which should allow to determine the prospects of development within a specific territory of the tourism and recreational cluster. As part of the construction of an integral indicator, an algorithm for developing a system of indicators for assessing the tourist potential of the territory, based on the cognitive structuring of knowledge about the object, was proposed. In order to determine the functionally significant links between the system "Tourist potential of the territory" and the external environment, the study analyzed the connectivity of the structure, based on the study of simplicial complexes. As a result, a ranked list of factors of the "Tourist potential of the territory" system was obtained and the weight for each of them was determined, which allowed to form an integral indicator of the tourism potential assessment
Keywords: tourism and recreation cluster, cluster approach, tourism potential, cognitive research methodology, tourism potential assessment
The article provides a system analysis of the development of small and medium-sized businesses in the regions of the southern Federal district in recent years on the main indicators; describes the key problems of their development, provides suggestions for their solution, taking into account foreign experience
Keywords: system analysis, small and medium business, regions, southern Federal district, development problems, state support, property support
Some approaches to assessment of soundness of investments necessary for implementation of results of research engineering are described. It is proposed to use the method of variation of parameters with the establishment of some restrictions. The results of the application of the proposed methodology are given on the example of evaluating the soundness of investments in the technology of unburnt synthanite from natural raw materials in the apparatus with vortex layer and the production of wall stones based on it. It is rational to use the proposed methodology in the formation of an investment plan, the development of business plans, and the implementation of graduate qualification work. Article is published within implementation of the program of the International Forum «Victorious May, 1945».
Keywords: construction materials producing industry, unburnt synthanite, apparatus with vortex layer, innovation, commercial soundness of investments, investment prospects, method of variation of parameters, uncertainty
The article considers the conditions for the development of the most rational methods of construction in the cramped conditions of the modern city, in which there is an impossibility of using tower cranes, because of the presence in their working area of already erected buildings or structures, other tower cranes, crossings, roadways and sidewalks. Construction work in cramped conditions cause an increased degree of material, construction, environmental risk and the need to strengthen the safety of people as producing the construction of the object, and the living population nearby.
Keywords: construction, works, factors, safety, territory, risk
This article discusses the use of waste disposal technologies, their technological and environmental-economic assessment. The relevance of this work is determined by the current trend on finding affordable and effective technologies for waste disposal, taking into account their energy potential. A comparative analysis of existing technologies for waste treatment and a feasibility study on the utilization of organic and inorganic carbon-containing waste by the pyrolysis method have been carried out. The authors analyzed the Russian and foreign experience of using waste technologies as alternative energy sources. The energy component of production and consumption wastes is considered. The scheme of the production complex using the pyrolysis technology, focused not only on the processing of waste, but also obtaining the sought-after useful competitive product.
Keywords: ecology, pyrolysis technology, waste recycling, municipal solid waste, MSW, biofuel
This paper discusses the current problems of waste management: sorting and their further processing. The average morphological composition of waste in Russia and in the world is presented. Possible methods of recycling waste components on different morphological composition are considered. A comparative analysis of the existing promising technologies for processing waste used in the Russian Federation, including municipal solid waste by burning, pyrolysis and plasma gasification, from the point of view on economic and environmental efficiency of the process. The technical and economic features of the low- and high-temperature pyrolysis process are given. As economic indicators used are specific capital investments, the cost of utilization, energy consumption and production recoupment. The assessment of environmental efficiency is determined by indicators such as the degree and duration of waste disposal, the generation of waste in the recycling process, and the pollution in the soil, groundwater, and the atmosphere.
Keywords: ecology, pyrolysis, waste treatment, municipal solid waste, solid waste, recycling, waste management
The article is devoted to the study of changes in the number of employed in the economy of the Russian Federation, which should occur as a result of the pension reform in 2018. As the dominant deterministic factor of forecasting the average variant of demographic forecast of the population of the Russian Federation till 2030 is used. The factors of influence are the levels of employment in the context of annual age and gender categories. The growth of the average age of the employed population in Russia and the oscillating "sawtooth" behavior of the labor outflow coefficient during the transition period of the reform from 2019 to 2028 are shown. At the time of the reform, the annual need of the economy for personnel will significantly decrease, which will cause difficulties in finding work for the bulk of job seekers – graduates of the vocational education system, who enter the labor market every year.
Keywords: number of employees, economy, retirement age, pension reform, labor market, demography, natural-age retirement, forecasting
The article deals with the principle of emulsion formation in mechanical absorbers, where the working body is presented in the form of a rotating cylinder. The analysis of interaction of liquids in the process of emulsion formation is made. The mutual influence of liquid layers is considered. The estimation of internal and external parameters characterizing the process of emulsion formation is obtained. The study given in the article will help in the preparation of engineering methods for calculating the operating and design parameters of devices.
Keywords: absorber, emulsion layer, viscosity, density, emulsion, surface contact area, energy dissipation, immiscible liquids, rotating cylinder, liquid
Appointment of forensic construction and technical expertise in the practice of an expert is a prerequisite for collecting evidence and materials related to the construction site and the territories functionally associated with them, which for the practical application of the courts are an important factor when deciding in favor of a particular party to the proceedings (dispute). The problems arising in the process of the case under study are objective and legal in nature.
Keywords: judicial construction and technical expertise, expert, court, criminal justice, civil justice, problems of practice, procedural action, expert opinion, court decision
The basic methods of economic indexes forecasting on railway transport enterprises have been defined in the article. Three stages of forecasting were determined and described in details. The dominant elements of expenses, such as job salary, traction costs, insurance, repair capital and others were taken into account during research.
Keywords: railway enterprises, operational expenses, economic indexes, forecasting, quantitative assessment
The question of cost management of the construction organization within the economic mechanism of functioning of the enterprises of a construction complex is considered, the accepted approaches to terminology and this question, and also bases of conceptual device are given. The paper presents various classifications of costs, the questions of conceptual nature within the terminology of "cost Management" as the impact of the subject of management on the object of management and within the framework of the formation of the management structure. The main tasks, principles, approaches and elements of cost management in the construction organization are defined.
Keywords: cost management, cost management, costs, construction, construction organization, construction products
Modern Russia is facing global challenges associated with the emergence and widespread use of new technologies, the transformation of traditional industries, the intensification of information flow, human resources and capital between individual sectors of the economy and countries. All this entails radical changes in the conditions of human life, development of the economy and society. Coupled with a variety of diverse objective circumstances - a complex geopolitical situation, a slowdown in economic growth, the transformation of consumer demand, structural imbalances in the economy, etc. - all this requires comprehension and formation of a long-term agenda in the sphere of science and technology, the corresponding complexity and complexity of the processes taking place.
Keywords: economy; socio-economic system; transformation; technologies; management; labor market; a new technological structure; robotics; innovation; human capital
The question of cost management of the construction organization within the economic mechanism of functioning of the enterprises of a construction complex is considered, classical techniques and the options of their use accepted in construction are given. Examines "the system of regulatory cost accounting", regulatory documents on the formation of the cost of construction products.
Keywords: cost management, cost management, costs, construction, construction organization, construction products
The article is devoted to the conceptual issues of implementation of the main priorities of the decree Of the President of Russia dated may 7, 2018 № 204" on national goals and strategic objectives of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024 " in the southern Federal district. This article presents the conceptual form of information and legal field, analysis, guidelines for the creation of interregional projects in each of the above areas, taking into account the specifics of socio-economic development of the regions of the South of Russia.
Keywords: The decree of the President of Russia from may 7, 2018 No. 204, South Federal district, the priority areas of socio-economic development, demographic development, health, education, urban environment, ecology, roads, employment, science
The article is devoted to the issues of marketing costs evaluation in the construction project cost's management. The methods of determining the marketing cost in the construction sector within the specifics of the industry are issued.
Keywords: marketing costs, project cost management, methods of marketing costs estimation
The paper proposes a description of the developed optical measuring set-up for the contactless recording and processing of measurement results for small spatial (linear and angular) displacements of control surfaces based on the use of laser technologies and optical interference methods. The proposed set-up is designed to solve all the arising measurement tasks in the study of the physical and mechanical properties of new materials and in the process of diagnosing the state of structural materials by acoustic active methods of nondestructive testing. The structure of the set-up, its constituent parts are described, and the features of construction and functioning during measurements are discussed. New technical solutions for the implementation of the components of the set-up under consideration are obtained. The proposed set-up is intended for use in instrumentation, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, aviation, energy sector, etc.
Keywords: optical measuring complex, non-contact measurements, measurements of small spatial displacements, structural materials, diagnostics of the state
The effect of auto-displacement in a resonant-tunnel diode (RTD) on the dynamic range of amplifiers on these diodes is considered. Taking into account autosplacement, two possible types of amplitude characteristics and boundaries of their existence were revealed. For these two types of amplitude characteristics, expressions were obtained that determine the dynamic range of the amplifier. When using the amplitude characteristic of the first type, the auto-shift expands the region of existence of this amplitude characteristic and leads to a decrease in the dynamic range. For amplitude characteristics of the second type, a certain expansion of the dynamic range can be achieved.
Keywords: a resonance-tunnel diode, a current-voltage characteristic of a diode, a dynamic range, a gain factor, the degree of regeneration, and the power supply mode of an amplifier for an RTD.
The characteristic of developed operational expenses assessment system at railway enterprises has been presented. The analysis of legal entity economic state has been conducted. The results of the research have practical significance for the most important development fields on every management level of the railway industry. Institution analytical operational expenses assessment system is a combination of various economic processes which are fixed, transmitted, stored and used for implementing operational expenses management. The main information features have been revealed: to reflect operational expenses state through the system of different indexes, store quantitative estimation and present the results in discrete view.
Keywords: railway enterprises, legal entity, economic department, operational expenses, accounting, decision making, assessment results, estimation
The article deals with the issues of impact interaction of particles with layers of dispersed material of different thickness. The influence of the interaction velocity and the thickness of the substrate on the appearance and structure of the collision result is investigated. It is established that at low speeds there is a crater formation while the particle is on the substrate surface. With the growth of the interaction rate, the formation of a crown is observed, and particles penetrate into the substrate material. Experimentally determined the values of the velocity and thickness of the substrate, corresponding to the beginning of the formation of the crown.
Keywords: particle, blow, flow, splash, reflection, speed, stream, the bulk material flow, the recovery factor of speed, the substrate
The article examines factors evaluation of level of competitiveness of a specialist in the field of communications, in three groups, physiological, personal and professional-qualification potential. Assessment of competitiveness of the personnel included: the formation of complex indicators of competitiveness assessment of staff taking into account specificity of activity; determination of the relative weight of importance of parameter groups; definition of the integral index of competitiveness of the personnel in comparison with the "ideal basis of comparison." A comparison of key parameters of competitiveness of civil servants and experts in the field of communications and the commercial sphere.
Keywords: personnel competitiveness, assessment of competitiveness of the personnel, the factors of competitiveness of a specialist sphere of communications
In the article the problems of formation of labor potential as a factor determining competitive advanage in today s economy/ The authors listed serveral factors that affect the structure, composithion of the workforce and the basic elements of development of labor potential.
Keywords: knowledge economy, human capital, competence, intellectual potential, labour potential
The article deals with the construction of the exponential smoothing model and seasonal model of the time series on monthly weight data (kg) on imports of commodity groups 07 «Vegetables and certain edible root crops and tuber crops» from 01.2014 up to 09.2017 in the region of the Southern Customs Administration operation. According to the derived model the forecast has been made for October, November and December of 2017 by the weight of the product group 07 in the region of the Southern Customs Administration operation.
Keywords: econometrics, time series, adaptive methods, exponential moving average, modeling, seasonality coefficient, forecasting
At the present stage of development, Russia does not have a coherent, well-developed institutional system designed to provide the necessary conditions for the creation of a knowledge-based economy. The article identifies the obstacles that impede the development of a developed institutional system: the counter-innovative orientation of institutions, various institutional traps at the federal, regional and local levels, as well as the emerging institutional void.
Keywords: knowledge economy, institutions, institutional environment, institutional obstacles, innovative development